Paul E . Slater

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CONTEXT In Israel, the mean annual incidence of hepatitis A disease was 50.4 per 100 000 during 1993-1998. A 2-dose universal hepatitis A immunization program aimed at children aged 18 and 24 months (without a catch-up campaign) was started in 1999. OBJECTIVE To observe the impact of toddlers-only universal vaccination on hepatitis A virus disease in(More)
BACKGROUND As a crossroads for bird migration between Africa and Eurasia and with its long history of human infection, Israel has been a major focus of attention during the continuing global spread of West Nile fever (WNF). This article reviews the background and reemergence of WNF in Israel; the recent epidemiology of WNF among Israelis; and the(More)
Despite the improved standard of living in Israel, shigellosis remains a common disease. Examination of trends in the incidence of shigellosis in Israel between 1951 and 1987 showed a period of declining rates followed by an increase in the reported incidence beginning around 1969. This increase was mainly due to Shigella sonnei; rates of infection with(More)
An outbreak of 15 cases of paralytic poliomyelitis caused by type 1 poliovirus between July and October, 1988, prompted mass vaccination of the whole Israeli population under the age of 40 years. The focus of the outbreak (12 cases) was the Hadera subdistrict, one of two subdistricts where enhanced inactivated poliovaccine (eIPV) had been the only(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS In the Western world, Haemophilus influenzae type b is an important cause of morbidity and long-term disability in children. The availability of vaccines capable of preventing H. influenzae type b disease in very young infants stimulated this longitudinal observational review of the epidemiology of H. influenzae type b meningitis in(More)
Information on the birthweight and gestational age of previous siblings is usually dependent upon maternal recall. This information is of importance in assessing the current risk of perinatal morbidity and mortality. The validity of maternal recall of birthweight and gestational age of 880 children born to 97 multiparas was examined by comparison with(More)
The validity of mothers' reporting of the breast feeding history of their children more than 20 years after their birth was studied in a Jerusalem population. Among 74 study subjects, duration of breast feeding as ascertained from an interview was well correlated with that recorded in mother and child health clinic charts. Concordance was of similar(More)
In 932 adult males and 531 adult females, we found large independent correlations of serum uric acid (SUA) with body mass and serum creatinine. In males, but not in females, SUA was lower in smokers than in non-smokers and in men who reported themselves to be physically active, compared to non-active men. After controlling for confounding variables by(More)
Mumps outbreaks in recent years have given rise to questions about the effectiveness of the mumps vaccine. This study examined the epidemiological data from a recent mumps outbreak in Israel and from outbreaks in other countries with high vaccination coverage, and considered whether long-established vaccination policies designed to protect against mumps are(More)
An ongoing nationwide prospective surveillance program for invasive H. influenzae b (Hib) disease in Israel enabled us to study the effectiveness of a national infant Hib immunization program, which included all infants born since January 1994. The vaccine used was Hib polysaccharide conjugated to outer membrane protein complex of Neisseria meningitidis b(More)