Paul E. Nachtigall

Marlee Breese31
Alexander Ya Supin22
Whitlow W L Au18
Stuart D Ibsen7
T Aran Mooney7
31Marlee Breese
22Alexander Ya Supin
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We have been studying the performance of a bottlenosed dolphin on a delayed matching-to-sample task to gain insight into the processes and mechanisms that the animal uses during echolocation. The dolphin recognizes targets by emitting natural sonar signals and listening to the echoes that return. This paper describes a novel neural network architecture,(More)
Behavioral and auditory evoked potential (AEP) audiograms of a false killer whale were measured using the same subject and experimental conditions. The objective was to compare and assess the correspondence of auditory thresholds collected by behavioral and electrophysiological techniques. Behavioral audiograms used 3-s pure-tone stimuli from 4 to 45 kHz,(More)
This study documents the changes in peak frequency, source level, and spectrum shape of echolocation clicks made by the same dolphin performing the same discrimination task in 1998 and in 2003/2004 with spherical solid stainless steel and brass targets. The total average peak frequency used in 1998 was 138 kHz but in 2003/2004 it had shifted down nearly 3.5(More)
The echolocation signals of a false killer whale (Pseudorca crassidens) were collected during a wall thickness discrimination task and compared to clicks recorded during an identical experiment in 1992. During the sixteen year time period, the subject demonstrated a loss of high frequency hearing of about 70 kHz. Clicks between the two experiments were(More)
The use of auditory evoked potential (AEP) measurements has added considerably to knowledge of the hearing mechanisms of marine mammals. We have recently measured the hearing of a stranded infant Risso's dolphin, the audiograms of white-beaked dolphins temporarily caught and released, and the hearing of anaesthetized polar bears. Most small toothed whales(More)
The sonar of odontocetes processes echo-signals within a wide range of echo levels. The level of echoes varies widely by tens of decibels depending on the level of the emitted sonar pulse, the target strength, the distance to the target, and the sound absorption by the water media. The auditory system of odontocetes must be capable of effective perception,(More)
High-frequency auditory filter shapes of an Atlantic bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) were measured using a notched noise masking source centered on pure tone signals at frequencies of 40, 60, 80 and 100 kHz. A dolphin was trained to swim into a hoop station facing the noise/signal transducer located at a distance of 2 m. The dolphin's masked(More)
Quantifying and understanding the impact of anthropogenic sound on marine mammals has been the focus of many researchers both in laboratory settings as well as in the field. This study presents the audiogram of a sub-adult Blainville's beaked whale that stranded in Hawaii. The hearing measurements were conducted using the non-invasive auditory brainstem(More)