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The relationships between acoustic features of target echoes and the cognitive representations of the target formed by an echolocating dolphin will influence the ease with which the dolphin can recognize a target. A blindfolded Atlantic bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) learned to match aspect-dependent three-dimensional targets (such as a cube) at(More)
Although hearing has been described for many underwater species, there is much debate regarding if and how cephalopods detect sound. Here we quantify the acoustic sensitivity of the longfin squid (Loligo pealeii) using near-field acoustic and shaker-generated acceleration stimuli. Sound field pressure and particle motion components were measured from 30 to(More)
Behaviorally determined hearing thresholds for a 7.5-kHz tone for an Atlantic bottlenosed dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) were obtained following exposure to fatiguing low-frequency octave band noise. The fatiguing stimulus ranged from 4 to 11 kHz and was gradually increased in intensity to 179 dB re 1 microPa and in duration to 55 min. Exposures occurred no(More)
Toothed whales and dolphins (Odontocetes) are known to echolocate, producing short, broadband clicks and receiving the corresponding echoes, at extremely rapid rates. Auditory evoked potentials (AEP) and broadband click stimuli were used to determine the modulation rate transfer function (MRTF) of a neonate Risso's dolphin, Grampus griseus, thus estimating(More)
Adequate temporal resolution is required across taxa to properly utilize amplitude modulated acoustic signals. Among mammals, odontocete marine mammals are considered to have relatively high temporal resolution, which is a selective advantage when processing fast traveling underwater sound. However, multiple methods used to estimate auditory temporal(More)
The auditory input area of the dolphin head was investigated in an unrestrained animal trained to beach itself and to accept noninvasive electroencephalograph (EEG) electrodes for the recording of the auditory brain-stem response (ABR). The stimulus was a synthetic dolphin click, transmitted from a piezo-electric transducer and coupled to the skin via a(More)
Behavioral and auditory evoked potential (AEP) audiograms of a false killer whale were measured using the same subject and experimental conditions. The objective was to compare and assess the correspondence of auditory thresholds collected by behavioral and electrophysiological techniques. Behavioral audiograms used 3-s pure-tone stimuli from 4 to 45 kHz,(More)
Long-finned pilot whales are highly social odontocetes found in temperate and subpolar regions. This species is particularly known for its interaction with fisheries as well as its mass strandings. Recent tagging work has provided some information about pilot whales in the wild but, even though they have been successfully kept in captivity, little is known(More)
This is the first report of an underwater audiogram from a dolphin in a capture-and-release scenario. Two bow-riding white-beaked dolphins Lagenorhynchus albirostris (a female and a male) were captured using the hoop-net technique in Faxaflói Bay, Iceland. The dolphins were transferred to a stretcher and hoisted into a plastic research tank on board a small(More)
A backward masking function relating target detection to masker delay was generated for a bottlenosed dolphin in an active echolocation target detection task. The masker was triggered by each outgoing echolocation click and could be temporally adjusted from coincidence with the target echo to delays of 700 microseconds. The animal reported target condition(More)