Paul E Kihaile

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Grey-level histogram width (GLHW) values obtained by common sonographic devices were large in echogenic image and small in less echoic parts. The Aloka UIP-100 computer system, SSD-680, and Toshiba SSA-270A sonographs showed GLHW values not significantly different when tested with RMI-412 phantom with the device contrast set at the lowest level. No(More)
There is concern that intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may lead to offspring with a high frequency of chromosomal abnormalities. Accordingly, we studied spermatozoa sampled from eight infertile men with oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT) by multi-colour fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH), using DNA probes for chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X and Y.(More)
PURPOSE To compare the prevalence of chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) in Japan, China, Tanzania, and the Dominican Republic and to assess the usefulness of Helicobacter pylori infection and serum gastrin level as markers of CAG. METHODS The subjects were volunteers from local communities in Japan (n=859), China (n=1741), Tanzania (n=573), and the(More)
UNLABELLED A prospective study involving 118 infertile Japanese couples to assess the embryo outcomes in both azoospermic and oligoasthenoteratoazoospermic (OAT) patients with Y-chromosome microdeletion. The men were divided into two groups; azoospermia (n = 27), and OAT, sperm concentration <5 x 10(6)/ml (n = 91). They were investigated for Y-chromosome(More)
BACKGROUND To compare the frequency of Y-chromosome microdeletions in Japanese and African azoospermic and oligozoospermic men and describe embryo characteristics and reproductive outcome following in vitro fertilization (IVF) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). METHODS Our study was performed prospectively at two centers, a private IVF clinic(More)
OBJECTIVES The 'enhancing human resources and the use of appropriate technologies for maternal and perinatal survival in sub-Saharan Africa' (ETATMBA) project is training emergency obstetric and new-born care (EmONC) non-physician clinicians (NPCs) as advanced clinical leaders. Our objectives were to evaluate the implementation and changes to practice. (More)
To follow up the outcome of sibling oocytes subjected to both conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in the first cycles of severe teratozoospermic patients with normal sperm morphology (NSM)<or=4%, a total of 1193 sibling metaphase II oocytes (MII) in 85 cycles were randomly allocated into two groups: 588(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this survey was to compare the seroprevalences ofHelicobacter Pylori (H. pylori) and chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) in Tanzania and the Dominican Republic, both of which are tropical countries, and thereafter compare the prevalences in Tanzania and the Dominican Republic with prevalences from our previous studies done in Japan (1991)(More)
OBJECTIVES During late 2010, 36 trainees including 19 assistant medical officers (AMOs) 1 senior clinical officer (CO) and 16 nurse midwives/nurses were recruited from districts across rural Tanzania and invited to join the Enhancing Human Resources and Use of Appropriate Technologies for Maternal and Perinatal Survival in the sub-Saharan Africa (ETATMBA)(More)
OBJECTIVES The Enhancing Human Resources and Use of Appropriate Training for Maternal and Perinatal Survival in sub-Saharan Africa (ETATMBA) project is training non-physician clinicians as advanced clinical leaders in emergency maternal and newborn care in Tanzania and Malawi. The main aims of this process evaluation were to explore the implementation of(More)