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BACKGROUND Femoroacetabular impingement is a cause of hip pain in adults and is a possible precursor of osteoarthritis, with the cam type of impingement being the most common. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of cam-type morphology of the hip in asymptomatic patients. METHODS Two hundred asymptomatic volunteers with no prior hip(More)
Radiographic evaluation provides essential information regarding the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. We evaluated the ability of hip specialists to reliably identify important radiographic features and to make a diagnosis based on plain radiographs alone. Five hip specialists and one fellow performed a blinded radiographic review of 25(More)
BACKGROUND Cam-type femoroacetabular impingement is secondary to lack of concavity at the anterosuperior femoral head-neck junction, resulting in reduced femoral head-neck offset and femoral head asphericity. This morphologic deformity can be detected by MRI and plain radiographs and quantified using the alpha angle. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We evaluated the(More)
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has been reported to cause hip pain in a variety of daily activities including walking. However, the biomechanics of level gait has not been compared between FAI patients and a control group. This study quantified the affect of cam FAI on the three-dimensional (3-D) kinematics of the hip and pelvis, as well as the 3-D(More)
BACKGROUND Following the reintroduction of metal-on-metal articulating surfaces for total hip arthroplasty in Europe in 1988, we developed a surface arthroplasty prosthetic system using a metal-on-metal articulation. The present study describes the clinical and radiographic results of the first 400 hips treated with metal-on-metal hybrid surface(More)
Advanced hip arthrosis in the young patient represents a difficult problem. Using currently available techniques, total hip arthroplasty (THA) in this patient population likely would result in multiple revision surgeries, usually at the expense of bone in the proximal femur and acetabulum. For noninflammatory, monoarticular hip arthritis, arthrodesis(More)
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) causes abnormal contact at the anterosuperior aspect of the acetabulum in activities requiring a large hip range of motion (ROM). We addressed the following questions in this study: (1) Does FAI affect the motions of the hip and pelvis during a maximal depth squat? (2) Does FAI decrease maximal normalized squat depth? We(More)
Femoroacetabular impingement secondary to the cam effect is thought to be associated with an insufficient anterior concavity in the sagittal/axial plane of the femoral head-neck junction. Using three-dimensional computed tomography the anterior and posterior concavity of the femoral head-neck junction was assessed in 36 painful non-dysplastic hips (30(More)
The main advantage of hip resurfacing is bone conservation for patients likely to outlive a primary conventional hip replacement. Previous attempts at hip resurfacing failed predominantly because of the consequences of a high amount of wear of thin polyethylene acetabular components and poor femoral component fixation. With correct patient selection,(More)
Although total hip arthroplasty (THA) is known to be a successful surgical procedure to alleviate hip pain and to improve health-related quality of life, these outcome measures in THA patients do not reach those of the general population. As a result, several investigators have assessed THA patients' gait mechanics, but most of them have ignored adjacent(More)