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Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has been reported to cause hip pain in a variety of daily activities including walking. However, the biomechanics of level gait has not been compared between FAI patients and a control group. This study quantified the affect of cam FAI on the three-dimensional (3-D) kinematics of the hip and pelvis, as well as the 3-D(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the muscle-sparing anterior approach for total hip arthroplasty to a traditional lateral approach using 3D motion analysis. Kinematics and kinetics of walking were obtained for 40 patients (20 anterior and 20 lateral) and 20 control participants. Participants were assessed six to twelve months postoperatively. It was(More)
Gait adaptations are persistent after total hip arthroplasty and can depend on the type of surgery. This study focused on two surgical approaches: anterior and lateral. To analyze gait adaptations, biomechanical analyses usually employ an a priori selection of the parameters that leads to incomplete or redundant information. In contrast, Principal Component(More)
While total hip arthroplasty (THA) provides pain relief and restores mobility, gait anomalies persist even years after surgery. A muscle sparing surgical approach could result in better postoperative gait mechanics. Our purpose was to compare both the anterior muscle sparing approach and the direct lateral approach (LAT) to a matched control group by using(More)
Femoroacetabular impingement secondary to the cam effect is thought to be associated with an insufficient anterior concavity in the sagittal/axial plane of the femoral head-neck junction. Using three-dimensional computed tomography the anterior and posterior concavity of the femoral head-neck junction was assessed in 36 painful non-dysplastic hips (30(More)
The purpose of this review is to explore the mounting evidence that primary osteoarthritis is secondary to childhood disorders such as dysplasia and/or to subtle morphologic and structural to subtle morphologic and structural abnormalities of the proximal femur and/or acetabulum that were previously unrecognized or underestimated. These structural(More)
Hip dysplasia is a leading precursor of osteoarthritis and is seen in 20% to 40% of patients with osteoarthritis of the hip. An increase in mechanical stress on the cartilage matrix with failure of the acetabular labrum represents the major pathomechanism of degeneration. Because the prevalence of associated femoral deformities is high (>50%), the(More)
OBJECTIVES To quantify and compare peri-acetabular bone mineral density (BMD) between a monoblock acetabular component using a metal-on-metal (MoM) bearing and a modular titanium shell with a polyethylene (PE) insert. The secondary outcome was to measure patient-reported clinical function. METHODS A total of 50 patients (25 per group) were randomised to(More)
When an acetabular shell is well fixed but the locking mechanism is compromised, cementing a new liner into the existing acetabular component can provide a simple revision solution. The pull-out and torsional fixation strength of cobalt chromium (CoCr) alloy acetabular components cemented into 3 sizes of titanium alloy acetabular components was tested under(More)
BACKGROUND The cam deformity causes the anterosuperior femoral head to obstruct with the acetabulum, resulting in femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and elevated risks of early osteoarthritis. Several finite element models have simulated adverse loading conditions due to cam FAI, to better understand the relationship between mechanical stresses and(More)