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OBJECTIVE Transcranial Doppler (TCD) flow velocity (FV) assessment may provide a useful index of autoregulatory impairment after severe head injury. It may define a therapeutic end point against which cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) can be titrated. This study examines the relationship between cerebral blood flow (CBF) and TCD FV indices in a laboratory(More)
Continuous transcranial Doppler ultrasonography of the middle cerebral artery (TCD-MCA) has been proposed as a method of identifying the lower cerebral autoregulatory threshold. This study investigated the relationship between continuous TCD-MCA and cerebral blood flow (CBF) in sheep. Arterial blood pressure, intracranial pressure, CBF and left TCD-MCA were(More)
Occipital lobe infarction secondary to tentorial herniation is a rare but well-recognized complication of posterior cerebral artery interruption during acute hydrocephalus; however, a similar event in which tonsillar herniation leads to symptomatic occlusion of the anterior spinal arteries (ASAs) has not been reported. The authors present the case of a(More)
Anterior lumbar surgery for degenerative disc disease (DDD) is a relatively novel technique that can prevent damage to posterior osseous, muscular and ligamentous spinal elements. This study reports the outcomes and complications in 286 patients who underwent fusion - with artificial disc implants or combined fusion and artificial disc implants - by a(More)
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