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This is the first part of a series of three articles on trimming instructions of rat and mouse protocol organs and tissues in regulatory type toxicity studies. It is based on the experience made in the European RITA and American NACAD working groups and is an extended revision of trimming guides published in 1995 (Bahnemann et al.). The optimum localization(More)
Guinea pig was previously classified as a species nonresponsive to peroxisome proliferators. However, none of the previous reports was based on pharmacokinetic data. Here, after a comparative pharmacokinetic study between the guinea pig and rat, we evaluate the guinea pig liver peroxisomal response to ciprofibrate, a hypolipemic agent and a potent(More)
Disseminated panarteritis was found in 16 (9 males and 7 females) of 49 laboratory beagle dogs (25 males and 24 females) from one breeding kennel. The dogs had been used in a 6-month oral toxicity study. Panarteritis was not associated with clinical or gross abnormalities. The incidence was similar in the control and test article-treated groups. Mainly(More)
The carcinogenic potential of misoprostol, a synthetic prostaglandin E1 analogue with anti-ulcer potential, was evaluated in CD Sprague-Dawley rats. The compound was given daily by gavage at 24, 240, and 2,400 micrograms/kg, up to 150 times the daily human dose for 2 years. Necropsies were done on all animals and the incidences of non-neoplastic and(More)
Misoprostol, a synthetic prostaglandin E1 methyl ester analogue with anti-ulcer potential, was evaluated for its carcinogenic potential in CD-1 strain mice. The compound was given daily by gavage at 160, 1,600, and 16,000 micrograms/kg for 21 months. Necropsies were done on all animals and the incidences of non-neoplastic and neoplastic changes analyzed for(More)
The adenohypophysis of normal Chinese hamsters of both sexes was examined ultrastructurally. Organs were fixed by intravascular perfusion with S-collidine-buffered glutaraldehyde solution. Seven types of cells were differentiated and, according to morphological characteristics, classified as (1) mammotropes, with very large (400-800 nm) polymorphous(More)
Peroxisomes are ubiquitous organelles of eukaryotic cells and are present in significant amounts in hepatic liver cells. Peroxisomal enzymes contribute to several metabolic pathways including fatty acid, purine and amino acid catabolism or bile acid synthesis. The peroxisomal oxidative reactions produce hydrogen peroxide, mostly degraded by catalase which(More)
1Department of Toxicologic Pathology, Bayer AG, Wuppertal, Germany 2Department of Product Safety, Regulations, Toxicology and Ecology, BASF AG, Ludwigshafen, Germany 3Department of Information Technology and Databases, Fraunhofer Institute of Toxicology and Experimental Medicine, Hannover, Germany 4Department of Pathology, Pfizer Centre Recherche, Amboise,(More)
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