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Malaria parasites, and other parasitic protists of the Phylum Apicomplexa, carry a plastid-like genome with greatly reduced sequence complexity. This 35 kb DNA circle resembles the plastid DNA of non-photosynthetic plants, encoding almost exclusively components involved in gene expression. The complete gene map described here includes genes for duplicated(More)
Protozoan parasites of the phylum Apicomplexa contain three genetic elements: the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes characteristic of virtually all eukaryotic cells and a 35-kilobase circular extrachromosomal DNA. In situ hybridization techniques were used to localize the 35-kilobase DNA of Toxoplasma gondii to a discrete organelle surrounded by four(More)
Badge-based achievement systems are being used increasingly to drive user participation and engagement across a variety of platforms and contexts. Despite positive anecdotal reports, there is currently little empirical evidence to support their efficacy in particular domains. With the recent rapid growth of tools for online learning, an interesting open(More)
Higher-order chromatin has been implicated in epigenetic gene control and in the functional organization of chromosomes. We have recently discovered mouse (Suv39h1) and human (SUV39H1) histone H3 lysine 9-selective methyltransferases (Suv39h HMTases) and shown that they modulate chromatin dynamics in somatic cells. We describe here the isolation,(More)
Sphingolipids are structural components of the eukaryotic plasma membrane that are involved, together with cholesterol, in the formation of lipid microdomains (rafts). Additionally, sphingolipid metabolites have been shown to modulate a wide variety of cellular events, including differentiation and apoptosis. To investigate the role of de novo sphingolipid(More)
SRY, the testis determining gene, encodes a member of a family of DNA binding proteins characterized by an amino acid sequence motif known as the HMG box. Using degenerate primers and the polymerase chain reaction, we have isolated SRY-related cDNAs from adult murine testis RNA. One of these, Sox-5, encodes a 43 kDa HMG-box protein with similarities to(More)
The surface of the protozoan parasite Leishmania is unusual in that it consists predominantly of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored glycoconjugates and proteins. Additionally, a family of hydrophilic acylated surface proteins (HASPs) has been localized to the extracellular face of the plasma membrane in infective parasite stages. These surface(More)
From a panel of nine inbred mice strains intranasally infected with Streptococcus pneumoniae type 2 strain, BALB/c mice were resistant and CBA/Ca and SJL mice were susceptible to infection. Further investigation revealed that BALB/c mice were able to prevent proliferation of pneumococci in the lungs and blood, whereas CBA/Ca mice showed no bacterial(More)
Sphingolipids are ubiquitous and essential components of eukaryotic membranes, particularly the plasma membrane. The biosynthetic pathway for the formation of these lipid species is conserved up to the formation of sphinganine. However, a divergence is apparent in the synthesis of complex sphingolipids. In animal cells, ceramide is a substrate for(More)
PeerWise is a system in which students create multiple choice questions and answer those created by their peers. In this paper, we report on some quantitative results which suggest that students who use PeerWise actively perform better in final examinations than students who are not active. We note a significant correlation between performance in written(More)