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Recent evidence suggests that gamete recognition proteins may be subjected to directed evolutionary pressure that enhances sequence variability. We evaluated whether diversity enhancing selection is operating on a marine invertebrate fertilization protein by examining the intraspecific DNA sequence variation of a 273-base pair region located at the 5' end(More)
Nightmares are often a distressing symptom for veterans with chronic combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A psychological treatment that has recently shown considerable promise is Imagery Rehearsal Therapy (IRT). In a pilot study by the current authors, IRT was demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of posttraumatic nightmares in a(More)
The Sixth Epilepsy Research Foundation workshop, held in Oxford in March 2006, brought together basic scientists, geneticists, epidemiologists, statisticians, pharmacologists and clinicians to consider progress, issues and strategies for harnessing genetics to improve the understanding and treatment of the epilepsies. General principles were considered,(More)
The properties of human DNA fingerprints detected by multilocus minisatellite probes 33.6 and 33.15 have been investigated in 36 large sibships and in 1,702 Caucasian paternity cases involving the analysis of over 180,000 DNA fingerprint bands. The degree of overlap of minisatellite loci detected by these two probes is shown to be negligible (approximately(More)
Cross-contamination between cell lines is a longstanding and frequent cause of scientific misrepresentation. Estimates from national testing services indicate that up to 36% of cell lines are of a different origin or species to that claimed. To test a standard method of cell line authentication, 253 human cell lines from banks and research institutes(More)
BACKGROUND Resistance and susceptibility to scrapie has been associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms located within codons 136, 154 and 171 of the ovine prion protein gene (PRNP). Dual-labelled HyBeacon probes were developed to analyse single and clustered polymorphisms within these and neighbouring codons. METHODS Extracted DNAs and unpurified(More)
This study describes the validation of short tandem repeat (STR) systems for the resolution of cases of disputed parentage where only a single parent is available for testing or where the claimed relationship of both parents is in doubt and also cases where sibship must be tested. Three separate multiplex systems the Second Generation Multiplex, Powerplex(More)
Hypervariable DNA sequences may be used as probes to derive DNA "finger-prints" for individuals. To assess the use of the human 33.15 and 33.6 probes (isolated by Jeffreys and coworkers) for characterizing cell lines of nonhuman origin, DNA from different stocks of Chinese hamster (CH) cells was screened. All CHO (ovary) sublines could be readily(More)
Colchicine-resistant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell mutants whose resistance results from reduced drug permeability have been isolated previously in our laboratories. This reduced permeability affects a wide range of unrelated drugs, resulting in the mutants displaying a multiple drug resistance phenotype. A 170,000-dalton cell surface glycoprotein(More)