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BACKGROUND In order to assess the short term risks of pneumonectomy for lung cancer in contemporary practice a one year prospective observational study of pneumonectomy outcome was made. Current UK practice for pneumonectomy was observed to note patient and treatment factors associated with major complications. METHODS A multicentre, prospective,(More)
There is now strong evidence to show that the presence of the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) mediates amyloid-β (Aβ) neurotoxicity in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we probe the molecular details of the interaction between PrP(C) and Aβ and discover that substoichiometric amounts of PrP(C), as little as 1/20, relative to Aβ will strongly inhibit amyloid(More)
OBJECTIVES Pulmonary complications of RA are well described. Although some are benign, interstitial lung disease (ILD) has a poor prognosis. Few RA inception cohorts have reported the natural history of ILD related to RA (RA-ILD). We examine its incidence, outcome and prognostic indicators. METHODS Extra-articular features and comorbidity have been(More)
Six trained male athletes who competed regularly in 400 metre races, were studied under control, alkalotic (NaHCO3) and placebo (CaCO3) conditions to study the effect of induced metabolic alkalosis on 400 m racing time. Pre and post exercise blood samples in the three conditions were analysed for pH, bicarbonate and base excess. Following ingestion of(More)
The outcome of pediatric ependymomas is difficult to predict based on clinical and histological parameters. To address this issue, we have performed a comparative genomic hybridization screen of 42 primary and 11 recurrent pediatric ependymomas and correlated the genetic findings with clinical outcome. Three distinct genetic patterns were identified in the(More)
Prion diseases are considered to be transmissible. The existence of sporadic forms of prion diseases such as scrapie implies an environmental source for the infectious agent. This would suggest that under certain conditions the prion protein, the accepted agent of transmission, can survive in the environment. We have developed a novel technique to extract(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous (31)P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS) studies have shown that cerebral cortical energy metabolism is abnormal in migraine and that cortical energy reserves decrease with increasing severity and duration of aura. Migrainous infarction is a rare complication of migraine with aura, and its pathophysiology is poorly(More)
BACKGROUND Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD) is a disorder with postulated environmental and genetic aetiology. This study delineates clinical features and potential perinatal environmental factors along with epidemiology in SOD children. METHODS Assessment of patients with SOD triad features in the UK West Midlands region. RESULTS Of 227 patients identified(More)