Paul D Swenson

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HIV-RNA testing may identify individuals with primary HIV infection. Men who have sex with men (MSM) having HIV testing through Public Health, Seattle and King County were screened for primary infection through pooled RNA testing. Eighty-one out of 3525 specimens (2.3%) had detectable antibody and RNA, and seven out of 3439 antibody-negative specimens(More)
The adw4 subtype of hepatitis B virus (HBV) belongs to a unique genomic group (genotype F) representing the original HBV strains from the New World. Data regarding the prevalence of this subtype among HBV carriers in South America are, however, scarce, and those concerning HBV genotype F are based on only a few samples from Latin America. In this study,(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe self-reported types of sexual identity of men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Dominican Republic, assess sociodemographics and behavioral characteristics, and measure the prevalence of HIV-1 and syphilis. DESIGN Cross-sectional study of MSM recruited from a variety of community settings. METHODS A total of 354 men agreed to(More)
BACKGROUND The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently recommended the expansion of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody testing. However, antibody tests have longer "window periods" after HIV acquisition than do nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs). METHODS Public Health-Seattle & King County offered HIV antibody testing to men who(More)
Acyclovir has become the treatment of choice for varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infections in immunocompromised individuals. This article describes a 4-year-old girl congenitally infected with human immunodeficiency virus who developed a continuous cutaneous infection with VZV that persisted over a 14-month period until her death. Initial episodes of(More)
OBJECTIVE We have reexamined hepatitis B virus subtypes to determine the role of specific HBsAg amino acids in serologic reactivity because of problematic genotype/subtype associations seen in a set of geographically diverse serum specimens. METHODS We obtained DNA sequences for 491 HBsAg-positive specimens from geographically distinct locations,(More)
BACKGROUND Since the early 1980s, the Bahamas has experienced sequential epidemics of freebase/crack cocaine use, genital ulcer-inguinal adenopathy disease (GUD), and heterosexual HIV infection. GOAL To prospectively define the etiology of GUD in patients at the Princess Margaret Hospital during outbreaks of crack cocaine use, GUD, and HIV infection in(More)
We collected specimens from women who tested positive for Neisseria gonorrhoeae using the Gen-Probe APTIMA Combo 2 (AC2), and we performed confirmatory tests using a nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) that targets alternate gonococcal nucleic acid sequences. Among 59,664 specimens, 280 (0.47%) had positive results using AC2; 265 of these specimens were(More)
BACKGROUND A multi-center study was conducted to evaluate the Bio-Rad GS HIV Combo Ag/Ab EIA, a 4th generation HIV-1/HIV-2 assay for the simultaneous detection of HIV p24 antigen and antibodies to HIV-1 (groups M and O) and HIV-2 in human serum or plasma in adult and pediatric populations. OBJECTIVES The objectives of the study were to assess assay(More)
BACKGROUND Point-of-care (POC) rapid HIV tests have sensitivity during the "window period" comparable only to earliest generation EIAs. To date, it is unclear whether any POC test performs significantly better than others. OBJECTIVE Compare abilities of POC tests to detect early infection in real time. STUDY DESIGN Men who have sex with men (MSM) were(More)