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CONTEXT Our aim was to present a summary of the Second International Consultation on Bladder Cancer recommendations on the diagnosis and treatment options for non-muscle-invasive urothelial cancer of the bladder (NMIBC) using an evidence-based approach. OBJECTIVE To critically review the recent data on the management of NMIBC to arrive at a general(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the risk of long-term biochemical recurrence for patients who receive cell-salvaged blood. Radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) is historically associated with the potential for significant blood loss. Different blood management strategies include blood donation, hemodilution, preoperative erythropoietin, and intraoperative cell(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the outcome of patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage and whether delays in their diagnosis and referral have been reduced over a 15-year period. DESIGN A 15-year retrospective study of patients admitted to a tertiary neurosurgical unit between 1977 and 1992. SETTING The Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney. PATIENTS 511 patients(More)
This article discusses the development of international guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and prevention of low-grade Ta urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. The authors, who are experts in this field from 3 continents and 7 countries, reviewed the English language literature through September 2004. The results of the authors'(More)
Mortality from prostate cancer is a result of progression of cancer cells to become androgen-refractory and metastatic. Eicosanoid products of the cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX) pathways are important mediators of the proliferation of prostate cancer cells in culture and regulate tumour vascularisation and metastasis in animal models.(More)
Experimentation with the progenitor/stem cells in adult prostate epithelium can be inconvenient due to a tight time line from tissue acquisition to cell isolation and to downstream experiments. To circumvent this inconvenience, we developed a simple technical procedure for culturing epithelial cells derived from human prostate tissue. In this study, benign(More)
Diffusion tensor microimaging was used to investigate the water diffusion properties of formalin-fixed prostate tissue at spatial resolution approaching the cellular scale. Diffusion tensor microimaging was performed at 16.4 T with 40 μm isotropic voxels. Diffusion tensor microimaging clearly demonstrated distinct microscopic diffusion environments and(More)
Mortality from prostate cancer is associated with progression of tumors to androgen-independent growth and metastasis. Eicosanoid products of both the cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX) pathways are important mediators of the proliferation of prostate cancer cells in culture and regulate tumor vascularization and metastasis in animal models.(More)
PURPOSE We examined the implications of underestimating Gleason score by prostate biopsy in patients with biopsy Gleason 6 prostate cancer with respect to adverse pathological findings and biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed clinical and pathological data on a cohort of 531 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES To review our cystoprostatectomy (CP) database to determine the urethral recurrence rate. Urethral recurrence after CP has been reported to occur in up to 10% of patients. Recent data have suggested a much lower incidence. This has important implications when considering the type of urinary diversion and postoperative monitoring. METHODS We(More)