Paul D Schneider

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Rare cases of benign hepatocellular (liver) tumors usually occur among women of childbearing age. Since 1973, 102 cases of this tumor had been observed among women on oral contraceptives (90% had positive steroid intake history). to investigate the possible association between oral contraceptives (OCs) and benign liver tumor, the University of Minnesota(More)
Two regimens designed to ameliorate hepatic injury from complete liver dearterialization (LD) by interfering with lysosome-mediated proteolysis were studied in 200-g Buffalo rats. Five rats received a lysosome membrane-stabilizing flavenoid, catechin, 200 mg/kg/day for 5 days pre-LD. Five others were infused with lysosome protease inhibitors (LPI),(More)
Studies of low density lipoprotein (LDL) metabolism in nonhuman model systems have indicated that the mammalian liver has dual mechanisms for the uptake and regulation of the concentration of plasma LDL. Heretofore, direct evaluation of lipoprotein uptake mechanisms in human hepatocytes has not been possible. In order to compare hepatocyte LDL uptake with(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) B-100 and B-48 are prominent apolipoproteins in VLDL, IDL, and chylomicrons. Organ cultures of normal adult human liver were established to ascertain the form of apo B synthesized by hepatocytes in humans. Human liver was minced and incubated in 15 mL methionine-free RPMI-1640 medium with 10% dialyzed fetal calf serum plus 250 microCi(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the frequency and severity of systemic disease in patients with subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE) followed up in a dermatology practice vs patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) followed up in a rheumatology practice. DESIGN Case-control comparison of patients matched for age, sex, and ethnicity. SETTING(More)
Glucagon has been shown to lower blood lipids and to decrease food intake and body weight in short-term studies in man and animals. There is evidence of decreased secretion of glucagon in human obesity. The Zucker obese rat suffers from a genetic type of obesity and has an absolute reduction in circulating glucagon concentration. The effect of long-term(More)
Tumor cells, in vitro, must derive the majority of their required cholesterol from their host milieu. To determine if limiting tumor-available cholesterol results in limited tumor growth in vivo, Holtzman rats were given 10 X 10(6) Novikoff ascites tumor cells subcutaneously. Prior to inoculation, animals received either distal small bowel exclusion or sham(More)
BACKGROUND Venous thromboembolism (VTE) continues to be an important complication for patients with trauma, including patients with intracranial hemorrhage. We implemented a protocol starting chemical prophylaxis 24 hours after the absence of progression of hemorrhage on computed tomography (CT) to increase consistency with the use of chemical venous(More)
Laparoscopic gastrostomy is a relatively new procedure which does not require a laparotomy but which allows direct visualization of the gastrostomy tube entering the stomach and the stomach-parietal peritoneum interface. The role of the laparoscopically placed gastrostomy for enteral access has yet to be defined. Our aim was to compare laparoscopic(More)
INTRODUCTION Performance improvement driven by the review of surgical morbidity and mortality is often limited to critiques of individual cases with a focus on individual errors. Little attention has been given to an analysis of why a decision seemed right at the time or to lower-level root causes. The application of scientific performance improvement has(More)