Paul D Parkanzky

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The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and influenza virus fusion peptides are approximately 20-residue sequences which catalyze the fusion of viral and host cell membranes. The orientations of these peptides in lipid bilayers have been probed with 15N solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy of samples containing membranes oriented between(More)
The solid state NMR lineshape of a protein backbone carbonyl nucleus is a general diagnostic of the local conformational distribution in the vicinity of that nucleus. In addition, measurements of carbonyl chemical shifts and 2D exchange spectra provide information about the most probable conformation in the distribution. These types of solid state NMR(More)
Clean MAS observation of 13C-labeled carbons in membrane-bound HIV-1 and influenza fusion peptides was made by using a rotational-echo double-resonance spectroscopy (REDOR) filter of directly bonded 13C-15N pairs. The clean filtering achieved with the REDOR approach is superior to filtering done with sample difference spectroscopy. In one labeling approach,(More)
HIV-1 and influenza viral fusion peptides are biologically relevant model fusion systems and, in this study, their membrane-associated structures were probed by solid-state NMR (13)C chemical shift measurements. The influenza peptide IFP-L2CF3N contained a (13)C carbonyl label at Leu-2 and a (15)N label at Phe-3 while the HIV-1 peptide HFP-UF8L9G10 was(More)
Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is a well-known environmental carcinogen. Protection against UVR exposure has resulted in an increasing number of sunscreen agents being incorporated into a greater variety of cosmetic formulations including moisturizing lotions, color cosmetics, and skin care creams. Meanwhile, global regulation of sun care products is changing.(More)
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