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Anthropometric measurements and circulating growth factors were studied serially in 44 prepubertal children with growth failure and chronic renal failure (GFR = 10 to 40 ml/min/1.73 m2) who were randomized to receive either recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH; N = 30) or no treatment (N = 14). RhGH was given as Nutropin, 0.05 mg/kg/day, and the studies(More)
IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), usually found as glycosylated 41- and 38-kD forms, is the major serum IGFBP during extrauterine life. In normal serum IGFBP-3 binds one IGF peptide and one acid-labile (alpha) subunit in a high-molecular-weight (MW) complex of 150 kD. By RIA, an excess of IGFBP-3 is present in chronic renal failure (CRF) serum, where it(More)
In 1988, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) became the first characterized member of a group of structurally related soluble proteins which specifically bind and modulate the actions of the IGFs. Since then, a wealth of information has accumulated regarding the physiology of this dynamic serum protein. In this review, we update our 1993(More)
Specific binding proteins are thought to modulate the effects of IGF-I. Previous work has demonstrated that media conditioned by human breast cancer cells contains IGF-I binding activity. Radiolabelled IGF-I incubated with serum-free conditioned media from the breast cancer cell line MDA-MB 231 eluted with an apparent M.W. of 35-40 kDa when analyzed by gel(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins (IGFBPs) have important regulatory functions in ovarian follicular development. Although most studies have investigated the IGF system in ovarian cells in vitro, investigation of the IGF system in the peripheral circulation and in follicles of varying sizes throughout the menstrual cycle in large(More)
OBJECTIVE Insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) action is influenced by circulating as well as tissue levels of its binding proteins. Because serum IGF binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) levels have been found to be decreased in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), we tested the hypothesis that regulation of IGFBP-1 secretion may be different in patients(More)
Children with chronic renal failure (CRF) are often growth recarded despite normal serum levels of GH and insulin-like growth factors (IGFs). Recent studies suggest that excess IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) in the 35-kDa fractions of CRF serum contribute to CRF growth failure. This report characterizes the relationship between IGFBP-3 and IGF peptides in(More)
Changes in the normal hormonal regulation of linear growth which lead to growth failure in children with chronic renal failure (CRF) are not well understood. Previous studies indicate that serum levels of growth hormone and IGF-I and II are normal or elevated in this population; and that serum levels of poorly defined inhibitors of IGF action are increased.(More)
PURPOSE Increased expression of the multidrug resistance gene (MDR1) has been implicated in osteosarcoma prognosis. This study represents the first prospective assessment of the prognostic value of MDR1 mRNA expression in patients with newly diagnosed extremity osteosarcoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS A series of patients with high-grade, nonmetastatic(More)