Paul D. Hayes

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PURPOSE To report a randomized clinical trial designed to determine if remote ischemic preconditioning (IP) has the ability to reduce renal and cardiac damage following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). METHODS Forty patients (all men; mean age 76+/-7 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms averaging 6.3+/-0.8 cm in diameter were enrolled in the trial(More)
Arterial pCO2 is known to influence cerebral autoregulation but its effect on the dynamic relationship between mean arterial blood pressure (ABP) and mean cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV), obtained from spontaneous fluctuations in ABP, has not been established. In 16 normal subjects, ABP was measured non-invasively (Finapres), CBFV was estimated with(More)
BACKGROUND Aneurysm expansion rate is an important indicator of the potential risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture. Stress within the AAA wall is also thought to be a trigger for its rupture. However, the association between aneurysm wall stresses and expansion of AAA is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS Forty-four patients with AAAs were included(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Overviews of randomized patch trials by the Cochrane Collaboration suggest that a policy of routine patching is preferable to routine primary closure. However, there is no systematic evidence that patch type, whether prosthetic or vein, influences outcome after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS Two hundred seventy-three patients(More)
PURPOSE Prosthetic graft infection after aortic aneurysm surgery is a life-threatening complication. Treatment options include total graft excision and extra-anatomic bypass grafting or in situ replacement of the graft. The latter option is gaining increasing popularity, but the long-term outcome remains uncertain, particularly in light of the increasing(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-dose (10 mg) and high-dose (80 mg) atorvastatin on carotid plaque inflammation as determined by ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO)-enhanced carotid magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The hypothesis was that treatment with 80 mg atorvastatin would demonstrate quantifiable changes(More)
OBJECTIVE Many thromboembolic events occur in patients taking aspirin. Dual therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel may prove effective at reduction of thromboembolic complications. However, the extent to which these two drugs interact may significantly increase the risk of bleeding in open surgery. Because of the increased use of combination antiplatelet(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Dynamic methods of measuring cerebral autoregulation have become an accepted alternative to static evaluation. This article aims to describe a set of data collected from healthy volunteers by a dynamic method, the purpose being to qualify and quantify expected results for those who may be designing a study using this technique. (More)
INTRODUCTION Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) has become the 'gold-standard' imaging modality for surveillance following EVAR. However repeated CT causes cumulative contrast related renal injury. Duplex ultrasound (USS) and contrast-enhanced (non-nephrotoxic) duplex scanning (CEUS) are less invasive but considered less accurate than CT. The aim of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The current risk of stroke after carotid endarterectomy may be worse than reported in the international trials. Because studies have suggested that most operative strokes follow surgeon error, the aim of the current study was to audit the impact of introducing a strategy of perioperative monitoring and quality control assessment on(More)