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OBJECTIVES Hospitals are being required to report publically their adjusted mortality rates, which are then being used to rank hospitals. Our objectives were to assess the statistical reliability of the determination of a hospital's adjusted mortality rate, of comparisons of that rate with the rates of other hospitals, and of the use of those rates to rank(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the viral etiology of bronchiolitis and clinical characteristics of children age < 2 years presenting to the emergency department (ED) with bronchiolitis. METHODS The authors conducted a 14-center prospective cohort study during 2005-2006 of ED patients age < 2 years with bronchiolitis. The study was conducted in 10 states as part(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether pediatric readmissions within 15 days of discharge were considered preventable. METHODS Retrospective chart review of 200 randomly selected readmissions (8% of all readmissions) occurring within 15 days of discharge from a freestanding children's hospital between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2008. The degree of(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory viral panels (RVPs) able to detect multiple pathogens are increasingly used in the management of pediatric inpatients. Despite this, few studies have examined whether the results of these tests are associated with clinically significant changes in medical management. METHODS In this retrospective cohort study, we identified(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether results of a polymerase chain reaction-based respiratory viral panel (RVP) are associated with changes in antibiotic use or differential clinical outcomes among children hospitalized with pneumonia. METHODS We retrospectively identified otherwise healthy children hospitalized over a 3-year period at a single institution with(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess readmission rates identified by 3M-Potentially Preventable Readmissions software (3M-PPRs) in a national cohort of children's hospitals. STUDY DESIGN A total of 1 719 617 hospitalizations for 1 531 828 unique patients in 58 children's hospitals from 2009 to 2011 from the Children's Hospital Association Case-Mix Comparative database(More)
BACKGROUND Hospital billing data are frequently used for quality measures and research, but the accuracy of the use of discharge codes to identify urinary tract infections (UTIs) is unknown. OBJECTIVE To determine the accuracy of International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision (ICD-9) discharge codes to identify children hospitalized with UTIs. (More)
CONTEXT Patient misidentification continues to be a quality and safety issue. There is a paucity of US data describing interventions to reduce identification band error rates. SETTING Monroe Carell Jr Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt. KEY MEASURES Percentage of patients with defective identification bands. STRATEGIES FOR CHANGE Web-based surveys were(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective was to describe the emergency department (ED) resource burden of the spring 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic at U.S. children's hospitals by quantifying observed-to-expected utilization. METHODS The authors performed an ecologic analysis for April through July 2009 using data from 23 EDs in the Pediatric Health Information System(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the population of pediatric patients readmitted to a children's hospital within 15 days of discharge. PATIENTS AND METHODS Medical records were reviewed to identify characteristics of patients and their hospitalizations for all children hospitalized during calendar years 2007-2008 who were readmitted up to and including 15 days after(More)