Paul D. Ebner

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Contamination of meat products with food-borne pathogens usually results from the carcass coming in contact with the feces of an infected animal during processing. In the case of Salmonella, pigs can become colonized with the organism during transport and lairage from contaminated trailers and holding pens, resulting in increased pathogen shedding just(More)
Grass-fed and organic beef products make up a growing share of the beef market in the United States. While processing, animal handling, and farm management play large roles in determining the safety of final beef products, grass-fed beef products are often marketed as safer alternatives to grain-finished beef products based on the potential effects of(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of integron-mediated antibiotic resistance in a diverse sample set of Salmonella enterica isolated from animals. MATERIALS AND METHODS Multiplex PCR was used to detect class 1 integron gene sequences, and integron gene cassettes were identified by PCR mapping. Susceptibility to 18 antibiotics or antibiotic(More)
This study examined the genetic complexity of three equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) defective interfering particles (DIP) and found the DIP genomes to range from 5.9 kbp to 7.3 kbp in total size. Each DIP contains an identical 5′ end (∼1.9 kb) that harbors UL3 and UL4 genes that are 100% identical to those of the infectious virus. DIP2 and DIP3 contain a(More)
To determine effects of exposure of parental animals to antibiotics on antibiotic resistance in bacteria of offspring, sows were either treated or not treated with oxytetracycline prior to farrowing and their pigs were challenged with Salmonella enterica Typhimurium and treated or not treated with oxytetracycline and apramycin. Fecal Escherichia coli were(More)
The goal of this study was to assess the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance and class 1 integrons, including integron-associated genes, in 24 Escherichia coli isolates from dairy farms. Escherichia coli isolates (n = 14) from dairy cows with mastitis (ECDM), Shiga toxin-producing (STEC) O157:H7 from cull dairy cow fecal samples (n = 9) and bulk tank(More)
As the global population continues to grow, food needs will increase as well. The amount of land and other resources devoted to agriculture production is not expected to grow significantly, leading most to agree that the substantial increases in food production to meet food security needs will come through the development of technologies that improve(More)
Salmonella shedding often increases in pigs after transportation and/or lairage. We previously showed that administering anti-Salmonella bacteriophages to pigs by gavage significantly reduced Salmonella colonization when the pigs were exposed to a Salmonella-contaminated holding pen. Here we tested whether a microencapsulated phage cocktail would remain(More)
Weaned pigs were separated into eight treatments including a control without exposure to apramycin; a control with exposure to apramycin; and apramycin plus either cold stress, heat stress, overcrowding, intermingling, poor sanitation, or intervention with oxytetracycline, to determine the effects of management and environmental conditions on antibiotic(More)
Here we report the accuracy with which three molecular techniques (PCR fingerprinting, multiplex PCR and macrorestriction profiling) distinguished Salmonella enterica Typhimurium DT104 (hereafter referred to as DT104) from other related strains of Salmonella. Each technique was tested by screening a set of 20 isolates (10 DT104, eight non-DT104 Typhimurium,(More)