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Continuum models of cerebral cortex with parameters derived from physiological data, provide explanations of the cerebral rhythms, synchronous oscillation, and autonomous cortical activity in the gamma frequency range, and suggest possible mechanisms for dynamic self-organization in the brain. Dispersion relations and derivations of power spectral response(More)
Zero-lag synchronisation arises between points on the cerebral cortex receiving concurrent independent inputs; an observation generally ascribed to nonlinear mechanisms. Using simulations of cerebral cortex and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) we show patterns of zero-lag synchronisation (associated with empirically realistic spectral content) can arise(More)
We propose a model of self-organization of synaptic connections in V1, emphasizing lateral interactions. Subject to Hebbian learning with decay, evolution of synaptic strengths proceeds to a stable state in which all synapses are either saturated, or have minimum pre/post-synaptic coincidence. The most stable configuration gives rise to anatomically(More)
A lumped continuum model for electrocortical activity was used to simulate several established experimental findings of synchronous oscillation which have not all been previously embodied in a single explanatory model. Moving-bar visual stimuli of different extension, stimuli moving in different directions, the impact of non-specific cortical activation(More)
In the following we will discuss a cost effective immersive gaming environment and the implementation in Blender [1], an open source game engine. This extends traditional approaches to immersive gaming which tend to concentrate on multiple flat screens, sometimes surrounding the player, or cylindrical [2] displays. In the former there are unnatural gaps(More)
We describe the first distributed-data implementation of the perspective shear-warp volume rendering algorithm, and explore its applications to large astronomical data cubes and simulation realisations. Our system distributes sub-volumes of 3-dimensional images to leaf nodes of a Beowulf-class cluster, where the rendering takes place. Junction nodes(More)
A model of self-organization of synapses in the striate cortex is described, and its functional implications discussed. Principal assumptions are: (a) covariance of cell firing declines with distance in cortex, (b) covariance of stimulus characteristics declines with distance in the visual field, and (c) metabolic rates are approximately uniform in all(More)
Simulation of electrocortical activity requires (a) determination of the most crucial features to be modelled, (b) specification of state equations with parameters that can be determined against independent measurements, and (c) explanation of electrical events in the brain at several scales. We report our attempts to address these problems, and show that(More)
The local-global map hypothesis states that locally organized response properties--such as orientation preference--result from visuotopically organized local maps of non-retinotopic response properties. In the tree shrew, the lateral extent of horizontal patchy connections is as much as 80-100% of V1 and is consistent with the length summation property. We(More)