Paul D. Andrews

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Intracellular membrane fusion is crucial for the biogenesis and maintenance of cellular compartments, for vesicular traffic between them, and for exo- and endocytosis. Parts of the molecular machinery underlying this process have been identified, but most of these components operate in mutual recognition of the membranes. Here it is shown that protein(More)
Entry into anaphase and exit from mitosis depend on a ubiquitin-protein ligase complex called the anaphase-promoting complex (APC) or cyclosome. At least 12 different subunits were detected in the purified particle from budding yeast, including the previously identified proteins Apc1p, Cdc16p, Cdc23p, Cdc26p, and Cdc27p. Five additional subunits purified in(More)
The clathrin-coated pit is the major port of entry for many receptors and pathogens and is the paradigm for membrane-based sorting events in higher cells [1]. Recently, it has been possible to reconstitute in vitro the events leading to assembly, invagination, and budding off of clathrin-coated vesicles, allowing dissection of the machinery required for(More)
The small GTPase Ran has multiple roles during the cell division cycle, including nuclear transport, mitotic spindle assembly, and nuclear envelope formation. However, regulation of Ran during cell division is poorly understood. Ran-GTP is generated by the guanine nucleotide exchange factor RCC1, the localization of which to chromosomes is necessary for the(More)
The propensity of human embryonic stem cells to die upon enzymatic disaggregation or low-density plating is an obstacle to their isolation and routine use in drug discovery and basic research. Equally, the very low rate of establishment of implanted cells hinders cell therapy. In the present study we have developed a high-content assay for human embryonic(More)
The formation of clathrin-coated pits at the plasma membrane requires the concerted action of many different molecules. The real challenge lies in determining the hierarchy of these interactions. We are using assays in both intact and permeabilized cells to dissect the temporal requirements for clathrin-coated vesicle formation, and also to examine the role(More)
A common feature of early vertebrate embryos is that they are surrounded by a simple protective epithelial cell layer. However, it is currently not well understood how the differentiation of this epithelium is controlled. We present data showing that BMP4 is sufficient to promote differentiation of this epithelium in diverse vertebrates. In mouse embryos(More)
There is increasing evidence to suggest patients want to find out more about cancer through new media [Ziebland et al. 2004; Evrarda et al. 2005]. Based on ongoing collaborative work between The Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art & Design and scientists at the Wellcome Trust Biocentre we have identified a need for 3-D time-based visualisation strategies(More)
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