Paul Crits-Christoph

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Dianne L. Chambless, William C. Sanderson, Varda Shoham, Suzanne Bennett Johnson, Kenneth S. Pope, Paul Crits-Christoph, Mary Baker, Benjamin Johnson, Sheila R. Woody, Stanley Sue, Larry Beutler, David A. Williams, and Susan McCurry Corresponding author: Dianne L. Chambless, Dept. of Psychology, UNC-CH, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3270. Telephone: 919-962-3989,(More)
We report the reliability and validity of the Internal State Scale, a self-report instrument for the simultaneous assessment of severity of manic and depressive symptoms. The Internal State Scale consists of four empirically derived subscales: Activation, Well-Being, Perceived Conflict, and the Depression Index. All subscales had good internal consistency(More)
Despite more than 50 years of research on client attrition from therapy, obstacles to the delivery and success of treatments remain poorly understood, and effective methods to engage and retain clients in therapy are lacking. This article offers a review of the literature on attrition, highlighting the methodological challenges in effectively addressing the(More)
BACKGROUND This was a multicenter investigation examining the efficacy of 4 psychosocial treatments for cocaine-dependent patients. METHODS Four hundred eighty-seven patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 manual-guided treatments: individual drug counseling plus group drug counseling (GDC), cognitive therapy plus GDC, supportive-expressive therapy plus(More)
Clinical researchers have turned their attention to quality of life assessment as a means of broadening the evaluation of treatment outcomes. This article examines conceptual and methodological issues related to the use of quality of life measures in mental health. These include the lack of a good operational definition of the construct, the use of(More)
The goal of this article was to examine theoretically important mechanisms of change in psychotherapy outcome across different types of treatment. Specifically, the role of gains in self-understanding, acquisition of compensatory skills, and improvements in views of the self were examined. A pooled study database collected at the University of Pennsylvania(More)
Technical reasons are presented as to why therapist should be included as a random design factor in the nested analysis of (co)variance (AN[C]OVA) design commonly used in psychotherapy research. Incorrect specification of the ANOVA design can, under some circumstances, result in incorrect estimation of the error term, overly liberal F ratios, and an(More)
The experimental literature on individual and group psychological treatments for adult disorders is reviewed. For each of the 11 disorders or problems covered, treatments that fall into the following categories, as defined by D.L. Chambless and S. D. Hollon (1998), are identified: efficacious and specific, efficacious, and possibly efficacious. Behavioral(More)
The authors examined the relations among therapeutic alliance, outcome, and early-in-treatment symptomatic improvement in a group of 86 patients with generalized anxiety disorders, chronic depression, or avoidant or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder who received supportive-expressive dynamic psychotherapy. Although alliance at Sessions 5 and 10, but(More)
BACKGROUND Although it is known that antidepressant treatment improves psychosocial functioning, whether such changes occur independent of depressive symptoms is not known. This study compared efficacy of nefazodone, psychotherapy, and their combination in improving psychosocial functioning in chronically depressed outpatients. METHODS Patients with(More)