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Electrochemotherapy (ECT) enhances the effectiveness of chemotherapeutic agents by administering the drug in combination with short intense electric pulses. ECT is effective because electric pulses permeabilize tumour cell membranes and allow non-permeant drugs, such as bleomycin, to enter the cells. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the anti-tumour(More)
The aim of this study was to validate prospectively a model of cisplatin dose adjustment. 27 patients (63 courses) with lung cancer were treated by a 5 day continuous infusion of cisplatin and etoposide. The dose of cisplatin was adjusted in order to reach a target plasma concentration of total platinum (TP) of 2000 mu/l at the end of the infusion. The(More)
GaCl3 efficiency was evaluated for mice mammary adenocarcinoma Ca-755 separately at two stages of tumour growth: the exponential and plateau phase. Two modalities of drug administration were evaluated: once only and twice a day for five days. Comparisons were made with the efficiency observed when saline liquid and cyclophosphamide were used. The(More)
The role of p53 in apoptosis and the contrasting p53 status in tumors prompted us to investigate the bleomycin-induced apoptosis in p53-null human leukemia HL-60 cells (bleomycin at 160 microM for 7.5 h). Cells with apoptotic phenotype increased from 0.87% in controls to 9.40% in bleomycin-treated cells. Both the enzymes, caspase-3 and -8, were activated.(More)
Bone alkaline phosphatase (b-ALP) and tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (tr-ACP) are markers of the activity of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, respectively. We have already shown that the serum activity of these isoenzymes was elevated in breast cancer patients with bone metastasis (BM); we show here that the serum activity of b-ALP and tr-ACP were also(More)
The study, which compares DDP to DDP + FU, was planned to detect an increase by 60% in efficacy and by 5% in toxicity (2a = B = 5%) for DDP + FU. In a previous trial DDP produced 15% of responders and 5% of high-level toxic manifestations. The eligible patients with an advanced head and neck cancer were paired off successively on the basis of the tumour(More)
We investigated a phase III randomized trial to compare efficacy and tolerance of CDDP + 5-FU to CDDP + VP16, both given intravenously in patients with unresectable advanced head and neck cancer. The 197 eligible patients were paired off successively on the basis of tumor sites and UICC stage. Comparisons were made through sequential closed plans. In 179(More)
Late effects were analyzed in a series of 39 patients with a 2-year minimal follow-up who were treated by rapid hyperfractionated radiotherapy. The total dose was 66-72 Gy delivered in two series of 33-36 Gy separated by a 2-4 week rest interval. The number of daily fractions ranged from 8 to 6 and the interval between each fraction was 2 hr. Late(More)
In a phase II study of vindesine in patients with bi-dimensionally measurable primary or metastatic prostate cancer, 27 patients (given 3 mg/m2 weekly for at least 4 treatment cycles) were evaluable for response 6 weeks from the start of treatment. Dose escalation to 4 mg/m2 weekly was attempted. Five patients (19%) achieved a partial remission of short(More)
This retrospective study concerning patients with a carcinomatous meningitis (CM) associated with solid tumour aimed at identifying risk markers of CM which could be used in the future in order to prevent from this neurological complication. From 1976 to 1996, the patients whose CSF sampling was positive cytologically, were registered recording baseline(More)