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Normal quescent cells maintain membrane lipid asymmetry by ATP-dependent membrane lipid transporters, which shuttle different phospholipids from one leaflet to the other against their respective concentration gradients. When cells are challenged, membrane lipid asymmetry can be perturbed resulting in exposure of phosphatidylserine [PS] at the outer cell(More)
A modification of the phospholipase D-catalyzed synthesis of phosphatidylserine is described, which allows the handling of small quantities of lipid without the need for an ether-water system. By using octylglucoside to disperse the lipid during the enzymatic conversion, it was possible to reduce the volume of the reaction mixture to 50-100 microliters. The(More)
beta 2-Glycoprotein I (beta 2GPI) is an essential cofactor for the binding to lipids of anticardiolipin antibodies (ACA), isolated from patients with anti-phospholipid syndrome. We used ellipsometry to study the binding of beta 2GPI and the beta 2GPI-mediated binding of ACA to planar membranes composed of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and 5-20 mol %(More)
Dithionite reduction of fluorescent (NBD) phospholipids was used as the basis of a continuous assay of transbilayer lipid movement to the cell surface during platelet activation. This assay reveals that virtually all previously internalized phosphatidylserine passes through the external leaflet of the membrane within 90 s after activation with Ca2+ and(More)
Scott syndrome is an hereditary bleeding disorder characterized by a deficiency in platelet procoagulant activity. Unlike normal blood cells, Scott platelets, as well as erythrocytes and lymphocytes, are strongly impaired in their ability to scramble their membrane phospholipids when challenged with Ca2+. In normal cells this collapse of membrane asymmetry(More)
Platelet procoagulant activity is mainly determined by the extent of surface-exposed phosphatidylserine (PS), controlled by the activity of aminophospholipid translocase and phospholipid scramblase. Here, we studied both transport activities in single platelets upon stimulation with various agonists. Besides the formation of procoagulant microparticles, the(More)
The binding of affinity-purified anticardiolipin antibodies (ACA) to liposomes that contained cardiolipin or phosphatidylserine was investigated. ACA bound to these liposomes only in the presence of plasma or serum, which indicated a requirement for a plasma component. This component--referred to as aca-cofactor--was purified; its activity to support ACA(More)
The asymmetric phospholipid distribution in plasma membranes is normally maintained by energy-dependent lipid transporters that translocate different phospholipids from one monolayer to the other against their respective concentration gradients. When cells are activated, or enter apoptosis, lipid asymmetry can be perturbed by other lipid transporters(More)