Paul Chinnock

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Paul Chinnock is Senior Editor, PLoS, Medicine. Nandi Siegfried is a South African Nuffield Medical Fellow at the University of Oxford (Oxford, United Kingdom). Mike Clarke is Director of the United Kingdom Cochrane Centre (Oxford, United Kingdom). The authors are involved in the work of the Cochrane Collaboration, but the views expressed in this article(More)
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends treating tuberculosis (TB) using the DOTS (directly observed treatment short course) approach in which TB patients are observed swallowing each dose of their medicines by a health worker or trained volunteer. DOTS involves the use of anti-TB drugs given in combination. The 5 elements of the strategy are(More)
Growth monitoring has been identified as an important component of the 'Child Survival and Development Revolution'--an initiative advocated by UNICEF and supported by several other development agencies. In this initiative, improvements in the survival of children are attained through the widespread promotion, distribution and utilisation of selected health(More)
BACKGROUND Injuries are a significant public health burden and alcohol intoxication is recognised as a risk factor for injuries. There is increasing attention on supply-side interventions, which aim to modify the environment and context within which alcohol is supplied and consumed. OBJECTIVES To quantify the effectiveness of interventions implemented in(More)
Arthur Amman, President of Global Strategies for HIV Prevention (www. globalstrategies.org), tells the following story: “I recently met a physician from southern Africa, engaged in perinatal HIV prevention, whose primary access to information was abstracts posted on the Internet. Based on a single abstract, they had altered their perinatal HIV prevention(More)
  • Paul Chinnock
  • Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great…
  • 1996
BREASTFEEDING, widely seen as the key to infant health in poorer countries, may present a greater risk of HIV infection for babies born to HIV positive mothers than previously thought, according to a controversial South African study.
Gray and colleagues at the Baragwanath Hospital in Johannesburg assessed the HIV serostatus of 102 infants born to HIV-positive mothers to determine whether breast feeding significantly increases the risk of the infant becoming infected with HIV. 49 mothers fed their babies on infant formula only; 18% of the babies were found to be HIV-positive. 53(More)
Editorial " The poor fare worse than the better-off almost everywhere and with respect to nearly every indicator " [1] O f all the different types of health inequalities that have been documented, such as male–female, urban–rural, or the variations in health across ethnic groups, the largest health gap is between the rich and the poor [1]. Today PLoS(More)