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Oxidative stress is implicated as an important molecular mechanism underlying fibrosis in a variety of organs, including the lungs. However, the causal role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) released from environmental exposures and inflammatory/interstitial cells in mediating fibrosis as well as how best to target an imbalance in ROS production in patients(More)
Although recombination is known to be important to generating diversity in the human malaria parasite P. falciparum, the low efficiencies of transfection and the fact that integration of transfected DNA into chromosomes is observed only after long periods (typically 12 weeks or more) have made it difficult to genetically manipulate the blood stages of this(More)
Using the differential display technique, we have recently reported the identification of a novel gene originally designated DD96. As determined by Northern blot and in situ hybridization, DD96 was expressed at significant levels only in a single epithelial cell population, the proximal tubular epithelial cells of the kidney. However, it was diffusely(More)
Asbestos causes asbestosis and malignancies by molecular mechanisms that are not fully understood. The modes of action underlying asbestosis, lung cancer, and mesothelioma appear to differ depending on the fiber type, lung clearance, and genetics. After reviewing the key pathologic changes following asbestos exposure, we examine recently identified(More)
Previous studies established that attenuating Wnt/β-catenin signaling limits lung fibrosis in the bleomycin mouse model of this disease, but the contribution of this pathway to distinct lung cell phenotypes relevant to tissue repair and fibrosis remains incompletely understood. Using microarray analysis, we found that bleomycin-injured lungs from mice that(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mesalamine is a mainstay therapeutic agent in chronic ulcerative colitis (CUC) in which condition it reverses crypt architectural changes and reduces colitis-associated cancer (CAC). The present study addressed the possibility that mesalamine reduces beta-catenin-associated progenitor cell activation, Akt-phosphorylated(More)
Activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and subsequent maturation of IL-1β have been implicated in acute lung injury (ALI), resulting in inflammation and fibrosis. We investigated the role of vimentin, a type III intermediate filament, in this process using three well-characterized murine models of ALI known to require NLRP3 inflammasome activation. We(More)
The malarial "apicoplast" derived from an algal plastid, has stimulated interest for its novel evolutionary biology and potential as a drug target. An endoplasmic reticulum-type signal sequence followed by a plastid targeting sequence are required to target proteins to the apicoplast but the pathway by which proteins are transported to the organelle is(More)
Using the differential display technique, selecting for genes up-regulated in renal cell carcinoma compared with normal renal parenchyma, we isolated a novel gene, designated DD96. As determined by in situ and Northern blot hybridization studies, DD96 is expressed only in rare normal epithelial cell populations, such as the proximal tubular epithelial cells(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a human herpesvirus that efficiently transforms and immortalizes human primary B lymphocytes. In this study, the role of latent membrane protein 2 (LMP2) in EBV growth transformation was investigated. LMP2 is a virally encoded membrane protein expressed in EBV-immortalized B cells previously shown to be nonessential for EBV(More)