Paul Cheresh

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Oxidative stress is implicated as an important molecular mechanism underlying fibrosis in a variety of organs, including the lungs. However, the causal role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) released from environmental exposures and inflammatory/interstitial cells in mediating fibrosis as well as how best to target an imbalance in ROS production in patients(More)
Activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and subsequent maturation of IL-1β have been implicated in acute lung injury (ALI), resulting in inflammation and fibrosis. We investigated the role of vimentin, a type III intermediate filament, in this process using three well-characterized murine models of ALI known to require NLRP3 inflammasome activation. We(More)
Although recombination is known to be important to generating diversity in the human malaria parasite P. falciparum, the low efficiencies of transfection and the fact that integration of transfected DNA into chromosomes is observed only after long periods (typically 12 weeks or more) have made it difficult to genetically manipulate the blood stages of this(More)
The malarial "apicoplast" derived from an algal plastid, has stimulated interest for its novel evolutionary biology and potential as a drug target. An endoplasmic reticulum-type signal sequence followed by a plastid targeting sequence are required to target proteins to the apicoplast but the pathway by which proteins are transported to the organelle is(More)
H-cadherin is a newly characterized cadherin molecule whose expression is decreased in a variety of human carcinoma cells, suggesting that it may play a role in maintaining normal cellular phenotype. To investigate how re-expression of H-cadherin could influence the malignant phenotype of human breast carcinoma cells in vivo, we transfected both control and(More)
Asbestos causes asbestosis and malignancies by molecular mechanisms that are not fully understood. The modes of action underlying asbestosis, lung cancer, and mesothelioma appear to differ depending on the fiber type, lung clearance, and genetics. After reviewing the key pathologic changes following asbestos exposure, we examine recently identified(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mesalamine is a mainstay therapeutic agent in chronic ulcerative colitis (CUC) in which condition it reverses crypt architectural changes and reduces colitis-associated cancer (CAC). The present study addressed the possibility that mesalamine reduces beta-catenin-associated progenitor cell activation, Akt-phosphorylated(More)
Using the differential display technique, we have recently reported the identification of a novel gene originally designated DD96. As determined by Northern blot and in situ hybridization, DD96 was expressed at significant levels only in a single epithelial cell population, the proximal tubular epithelial cells of the kidney. However, it was diffusely(More)
BACKGROUND Activated effector T cells contribute to tissue injury observed in inflammatory bowel disease. T cells are recruited to effector sites after activation in peripheral lymph nodes directs expression of tissue-specific homing receptors. One such mechanism for effector T cell recruitment employs activation-induced fucosylation of P-selectin(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a human herpesvirus that efficiently transforms and immortalizes human primary B lymphocytes. In this study, the role of latent membrane protein 2 (LMP2) in EBV growth transformation was investigated. LMP2 is a virally encoded membrane protein expressed in EBV-immortalized B cells previously shown to be nonessential for EBV(More)