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Poly(ADP-ribose) is a major regulatory macromolecule in the nucleus, where it regulates transcription, chromosome structure, and DNA damage repair. Functions in the interphase cytoplasm are less understood. Here, we identify a requirement for poly(ADP-ribose) in the assembly of cytoplasmic stress granules, which accumulate RNA-binding proteins that regulate(More)
Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) and End-binding protein 1 (EB1) localize to centrosomes independently of cytoplasmic microtubules (MTs) and purify with centrosomes from mammalian cell lines. Localization of EB1 to centrosomes is independent of its MT binding domain and is mediated by its C-terminus. Both APC and EB1 preferentially localize to the mother(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) is a large, negatively charged post-translational modification that is produced by polymerization of NAD+ by PAR polymerases (PARPs). There are at least 18 PARPs in the human genome, several of which have functions that are unknown. PAR modifications are dynamic; PAR structure depends on the balance between synthesis and hydrolysis by(More)
The mitotic spindle is typically thought of as an array of microtubules, microtubule-associated proteins and motors that self-organizes to align and segregate chromosomes. The major spindle components consist of proteins and DNA, the primary structural elements of the spindle. Other macromolecules including RNA and lipids also associate with spindles, but(More)
The centrosome organizes microtubules, which are made up of α-tubulin and β-tubulin, and contains centrosome-bound γ-tubulin, which is involved in microtubule nucleation. Here we identify two new human tubulins and show that they are associated with the centrosome. One is a homologue of the Chlamydomonas δ-tubulin Uni3, and the other is a new tubulin, which(More)
BACKGROUND Temporary interruption of oral anticoagulation for procedures is often required, and some propose using bridging anticoagulation. However, the use and outcomes of bridging during oral anticoagulation interruptions in clinical practice are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS The Outcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs; also known as ADP-ribosyl transferase D proteins) modify acceptor proteins with ADP-ribose modifications of varying length (reviewed in refs  , , ). PARPs regulate key stress response pathways, including DNA damage repair and the cytoplasmic stress response. Here, we show that PARPs also regulate the unfolded protein(More)
The poly(adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein family generates ADP-ribose (ADPr) modifications onto target proteins using NAD(+) as substrate. Based on the composition of three NAD(+) coordinating amino acids, the H-Y-E motif, each PARP is predicted to generate either poly(ADPr) (PAR) or mono(ADPr) (MAR). However, the reaction(More)
Since its discovery in 1963, poly(ADP-ribose) (pADPr) has been shown to play important functions in the nucleus of multicellular eukaryotes. Each of these functions centers upon DNA metabolism, including DNA-damage repair, chromatin remodeling, transcription and telomere functions. We recently described two novel functions for pADPr in the cytoplasm, both(More)
Chungyeol Paul Lee, Arya Behzad, Bojko Marholev, Vikram Magoon, Iqbal Bhatti, Dandan Li, Subhas Bothra, Ali Afsahi, Dayo Ojo, Rozi Roufoogaran, Tom Li, Yuyu Chang, Kishore Rama Rao, Stephen Au, Prasad Seetharam, Keith Carter, Jacob Rael, Malcolm Macintosh, Bobby Lee, Maryam Rofougaran, Reza Rofougaran, Amir Hadji-Abdolhamid, Mohammad Nariman, Shahla(More)