Paul Chamberlain

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BACKGROUND The potential use of plasma and serum for molecular diagnosis has generated interest. Tumour DNA has been found in 'the plasma and serum of cancer patients, and molecular analysis has been done on this material. We investigated the equivalent condition in pregnancy-that is, whether fetal DNA is present in maternal plasma and serum. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND The ability to determine fetal RhD Status noninvasively is useful in the treatment of RhD-sensitized pregnant women whose partners are heterozygous for the RhD gene. The recent demonstration of fetal DNA in maternal plasma raises the possibility that fetal RhD genotyping may be possible with the use of maternal plasma. METHODS We studied 57(More)
Qualitative amniotic fluid volume determination is a routine part of fetal biophysical profile score testing. The relationship between oligohydramnios and poor perinatal outcome has been previously documented. We have undertaken a retrospective chart review relating qualitative amniotic fluid volume as determined at the time of last biophysical profile(More)
OBJECTIVE To study trends in termination of pregnancy for fetal anomaly over 10 years and to assess the contribution of autopsy to the final diagnosis and counselling after termination. DESIGN Retrospective study with cases from a congenital anomaly register and a defined unselected population. DATA SOURCES Pregnancies resulting in termination for fetal(More)
One hundred consecutive cases of confirmed anterior abdominal wall defect, identified prenatally in the Oxford Prenatal Diagnosis Unit over 11 years, were studied. Fifty nine per cent of cases were suspected omphaloceles and 41% suspected gastroschisis. Fifty four per cent of omphaloceles were accompanied by other defects compared with 5% of those with(More)
A total of 44 patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) and requiring uterine cavity assessment agreed to have both saline contrast hysterosonography (SCHS) and hysteroscopy. SCHS was performed following a baseline transvaginal scan by injection of saline into the uterine cavity during continuous scanning. Hysteroscopy was performed with a flexible(More)
Sonographic assessment of the skeleton is a routine part of fetal anomaly scanning. We report a series of 35 cases seen during a 7-year interval in which a skeletal dysplasia was suspected prenatally. In seven (20 per cent) of the 35 cases, a specific diagnosis could not be made either pre- or postnatally. Follow-up was incomplete in one case. In 32 (91 per(More)
Qualitative amniotic fluid volume determination is a routine part of fetal biophysical profile score testing. The relationship between polyhydramnios and poor perinatal outcome has been previously documented. We have undertaken a retrospective chart review which relates qualitative amniotic fluid volume as determined at the time of last biophysical profile(More)
We have investigated the use of a nested polymerase chain reaction assay for the detection of a fetal-specific Y-chromosomal sequence (DYS14) from DNA extracted from unsorted maternal peripheral blood. Serial dilutions of male DNA into female cord blood DNA indicated that the assay could detect an equivalent of a single male cell in 300000 female cells. The(More)
BACKGROUND The pentalogy of Cantrell consists of defects involving the diaphragm, abdominal wall, pericardium heart, and lower sternum. CASES We report three cases of the pentalogy of Cantrell (variant form), involving an omphalocele complicated by an anterior diaphragmatic hernia. In two cases, a pericardial effusion was noted at antenatal scanning; the(More)