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In this work, the suitability of imidazolium-based ionic liquid solvents is investigated for the dissolution and regeneration of silkworm (Bombyx mori) silk. Within an ionic liquid the anion plays a larger role in dictating the ultimate solubility of the silk. The dissolution of the silk in the ionic liquid is confirmed using wide-angle X-ray scattering.… (More)
The use of single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) in current and future applications depends on the ability to process SWCNTs in a solvent to yield high-quality dispersions characterized by individual SWCNTs and possessing a minimum of SWCNT bundles. Many approaches for the dispersion of SWCNTs have been reported. However, there is no general assessment… (More)
Recent studies on organically modified clays (OMCs) have reported enhanced thermal stabilities when using imidazolium-based surfactants over the typical ammonium-based surfactants. Other studies have shown that polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS) also improve the thermal properties of composites containing these macromers. In an attempt to utilize… (More)
A new TFSI- anion disordering mode has been discovered in a supercooled plastic crystalline phase of Et4NTFSI, which may, in part, account for the low melting points of TFSI- salts with organic cations, thereby forming ionic liquids, and the intriguing properties of LiTFSI for lithium battery applications.
A technique was developed for preparing a novel material that consists of gold nanoparticles trapped within a fiber of unfolded proteins. These fibers are made in an aqueous solution that contains HAuCl4 and the protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA). By changing the ratio of gold to BSA in solution, two different types of outcomes are observed. At lower gold… (More)
Char-forming behavior of nanofibrillated cellulose treated with glycidyl phenyl POSS" a b s t r a c t Cellulose-reinforced composites have received much attention due to their structural reinforcing, light weight, biodegradable, non-toxic, low cost and recyclable characteristics. However, the tendency for cellulose to aggregate and its poor dispersion in… (More)
The title compound, C(7)H(12)N(2)O(3)S, is a zwitterion precursor to a Brønsted acid ionic liquid with potential as an acid catalyst. The C-N-C-C torsion angle of 100.05 (8)° allows the positively charged imidazolium head group and the negatively charged sulfonate group to inter-act with neighboring zwitterions, forming a C-H⋯O hydrogen-bonding network; the… (More)
The crystal structures and thermal behavior of the 1-(2-methoxyethyl)-2,3-dimethylimidazolium chloride and hexa-fluorophosphate salts are compared with the analogous 1-butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium salts to examine the influence of the ether oxygen on salt thermal properties for a typical constituent cation used in the preparation of ionic liquids.
The crystal structure of the salt ethylammonium nitrate (EtNH(3)NO(3)) has been determined. EtNH(3)NO(3) is one of the most widely studied protic ionic liquids (PILs)-ILs formed by proton transfer from a Brønsted acid to a Brønsted base. The structural features from the crystal structure, in concert with a Raman spectroscopic analysis of the ions, provide… (More)