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A novel scoring function to estimate protein-ligand binding affinities has been developed and implemented as the Glide 4.0 XP scoring function and docking protocol. In addition to unique water desolvation energy terms, protein-ligand structural motifs leading to enhanced binding affinity are included: (1) hydrophobic enclosure where groups of lipophilic(More)
For the successful identification and docking of new ligands to a protein target by virtual screening, the essential features of the protein and ligand surfaces must be captured and distilled in an efficient representation. Since the running time for docking increases exponentially with the number of points representing the protein and each ligand(More)
Peptides have the potential for targeting vaccines against pre-specified epitopes on folded proteins. When polyclonal antibodies against native proteins are used to screen peptide libraries, most of the peptides isolated align to linear epitopes on the proteins. The mechanism of cross-reactivity is unclear; both structural mimicry by the peptide and induced(More)
Analyzing protein-protein interactions at the atomic level is critical for our understanding of the principles governing the interactions involved in protein-protein recognition. For this purpose, descriptors explaining the nature of different protein-protein complexes are desirable. In this work, the authors introduced Epic Protein Interface Classification(More)
Dengue fever is a viral disease that affects 50-100 million people annually and is one of the most important emerging infectious diseases in many areas of the world. Currently, neither specific drugs nor vaccines are available. Here, we report on the discovery of new inhibitors of the viral NS5 RNA methyltransferase, a promising flavivirus drug target. We(More)
Statistical pattern recognition techniques classify objects in terms of a representative set of features. The selection of features to measure and include can have a significant effect on the cost and accuracy of an automated classifier. Our previous research has shown that a hybrid between a k-nearest-neighbors (knn) classifier and a genetic algorithm (GA)(More)
While it may seem intuitive that using an ensemble of multiple conformations of a receptor in structure-based virtual screening experiments would necessarily yield improved enrichment of actives relative to using just a single receptor, it turns out that at least in the p38 MAP kinase model system studied here, a very large majority of all possible(More)
Water-mediated ligand interactions are essential to biological processes, from product displacement in thymidylate synthase to DNA recognition by Trp repressor, yet the structural chemistry influencing whether bound water is displaced or participates in ligand binding is not well characterized. Consolv, employing a hybrid k-nearest-neighbors(More)
Empirical scoring functions to calculate binding affinities of protein-ligand complexes have been calibrated based on experimental structure and affinity data collected from public and industrial sources. Public data were taken from the AffinDB database, whereas access to industrial data was gained through the Scoring Function Consortium (SFC), a(More)