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This study investigated the psychological impact of HIV infection through assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder in response to HIV infection. Sixty-one HIV-positive homosexual/bisexual men were assessed for posttraumatic stress disorder in response to HIV infection (PTSD-HIV) using a modified PTSD module of the DIS-III-R. Thirty percent met criteria(More)
This paper reports on part of a study which was aimed at assessing the views of leading researchers, theorists or clinicians working in the field of bereavement on key issues including, as reported here, concepts of different forms of grief as well as favoured theoretical orientations. Of a range of conceptual models the most favoured, by a large margin,(More)
A cross-sectional study was performed to investigate the prevalence and predictors of suicidal ideation and past suicide attempt in an Australian sample of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and HIV-negative homosexual and bisexual men. Sixty-five HIV-negative and 164 HIV-positive men participated. A suicidal ideation score was derived from using(More)
BACKGROUND There is considerable debate regarding the clinical issues surrounding the wish to hasten death (WTHD) in the terminally ill. The clinical factors contributing to the WTHD need further investigation among the terminally ill in order to enhance understanding of the clinical assessment and treatment needs that underlie this problem. A more detailed(More)
This study investigated the clinical factors associated with a wish to hasten death among patients with advanced cancer receiving palliative care, with a focus on the role of clinician-related factors. Patients were grouped into high- and low-scoring groups on the basis of their wish to hasten death; doctor-patient pairs were formed. Questionnaire data(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to investigate rates of psychiatric disorder in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, in an Australian sample of homosexual and bisexual men. METHOD A cross-sectional study of a total of 65 HIV sero-negative (HIV-) and 164 HIV sero-positive men (HIV+) (79 CDC stage II/III and 85 CDC stage IV) was conducted in three(More)
OBJECTIVE The study investigated previous research findings and clinical impressions which indicated that the intensity of grief for parents who had lost a child was likely to be higher than that for widows/widowers, who in turn were likely to have more intense reactions than adult children losing a parent. METHOD In order to compare the intensities of(More)
Despite a plethora of instruments used to measure stressors and coping mechanisms in adolescents little attention has been paid to issues of reliability and validity. In an endeavour to overcome this problem, a statistical methodology was implemented to develop scales from existing item sets. Items from Kohn and Frazer's (1986) Academic Stress Scale were(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that, in a patient with decreased renal function and an increased plasma creatinine concentration, a significant quantity of creatinine is excreted into the gut, as is true of urea and uric acid, and is metabolized by gut flora. [Methyl14C]creatinine was given intravenously to five patients and [methyl-14C](More)
" Creatininase " activity was induced in the colon flora of rats by feeding creatinine. Sarcosine and methylamine were tentatively identified as the major products of the enzymic action. A third (unidentified) compound was observed. These compounds and methylguanidine were labeled in the urine of rats given 'CH3-creatinine orally. The re-suits suggest that(More)