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This paper reports on part of a study which was aimed at assessing the views of leading researchers, theorists or clinicians working in the field of bereavement on key issues including, as reported here, concepts of different forms of grief as well as favoured theoretical orientations. Of a range of conceptual models the most favoured, by a large margin,(More)
BACKGROUND There is considerable debate regarding the clinical issues surrounding the wish to hasten death (WTHD) in the terminally ill. The clinical factors contributing to the WTHD need further investigation among the terminally ill in order to enhance understanding of the clinical assessment and treatment needs that underlie this problem. A more detailed(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to investigate rates of psychiatric disorder in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, in an Australian sample of homosexual and bisexual men. METHOD A cross-sectional study of a total of 65 HIV sero-negative (HIV-) and 164 HIV sero-positive men (HIV+) (79 CDC stage II/III and 85 CDC stage IV) was conducted in three(More)
This study investigated the psychological impact of HIV infection through assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder in response to HIV infection. Sixty-one HIV-positive homosexual/bisexual men were assessed for posttraumatic stress disorder in response to HIV infection (PTSD-HIV) using a modified PTSD module of the DIS-III-R. Thirty percent met criteria(More)
A cross-sectional study was performed to investigate the prevalence and predictors of suicidal ideation and past suicide attempt in an Australian sample of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and HIV-negative homosexual and bisexual men. Sixty-five HIV-negative and 164 HIV-positive men participated. A suicidal ideation score was derived from using(More)
Despite a plethora of instruments used to measure stressors and coping mechanisms in adolescents little attention has been paid to issues of reliability and validity. In an endeavour to overcome this problem, a statistical methodology was implemented to develop scales from existing item sets. Items from Kohn and Frazer's (1986) Academic Stress Scale were(More)
BACKGROUND Literature and clinical experience suggest that some people experience atypical, complicated or pathological bereavement reactions in response to a major loss. METHOD Three groups of community-based bereaved subjects--spouses (n = 44), adult children (n = 40), and parents (n = 36)--were followed up four times in the 13 months after a loss. A(More)
Stimulation of type-1 astrocytes, by a number of agonists, has been shown to increase cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations in an oscillatory manner. However, it is unknown how these are driven or altered by aging, injury or disease. Therefore, we characterized the signaling properties of rat type-1 astrocytes in monolayer cultures. Ca2+ responses were recorded in(More)
This study investigated the clinical factors associated with a wish to hasten death among patients with advanced cancer receiving palliative care, with a focus on the role of clinician-related factors. Patients were grouped into high- and low-scoring groups on the basis of their wish to hasten death; doctor-patient pairs were formed. Questionnaire data(More)
Mitochondria are strategically localized at sites of Ca2+ release, such that increases in cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]c) from either internal Ca2+ stores or Ca2+ influx across the plasma membrane can be rapidly transported into the mitochondrial matrix. The consequent elevation in mitochondrial Ca2+ ([Ca2+]m) stimulates the Ca2+-sensitive intramitochondrial(More)