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In this paper we maintain that there are benefits to extending the scope of student models to include additional information as part of the explicit student model. We illustrate our argument by describing a student model which focuses on 1. performance in the domain; 2. acquisition order of the target knowledge; 3. analogy; 4. learning strategies; 5.(More)
Opening a model of the learner is a potentially complex operation. There are many aspects of the learner that can be modelled, and many of these aspects may need to be opened in different ways. In addition, there may be complicated interactions between these aspects which raise questions both about the accuracy of the underlying model and the methods for(More)
Our work explores an interactive open learner modelling (IOLM) approach where learner diagnosis is considered as an interactive process involving both a computer system and a learner that play symmetrical (to a certain extent) roles and construct together the learner model. The paper presents an application of IOLM for diagnosing and fostering a learner's(More)
Virtual Reality (VR) has been used for some time for training various skills. The results obtained are generally very reassuring, suggesting that Virtual Environments (VEs) are an effective new kind of educational tool. There are some, however, who argue that there are cases in which a 2D approach would achieve the same training effect. The literature(More)
One of the advantages of building a virtual reality system is that it allows students to enter new worlds which in these instances include trips to the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean, a field visit to an Oak Wood and a close encounter in a 3D maze. In all these environments the factors affecting a sense of ‘being there’ or presence was investigated. Enhanced(More)
This paper looks at the particular role which diagrammatic representations, and external representations more generally, play within an educational context. In particular, it considers the way in which the demands on diagrammatic representational systems in educational settings differ with respect to other settings (e.g. professional): in some instances,(More)
Our work explores an interactive open learner modelling (IOLM) approach where a learner is provided with the means to inspect and discuss the learner model. This paper presents the design and implementation of a communication medium for IOLM. We justify an approach of inspecting and discussing the learner model in a graphical manner using conceptual graphs.(More)
This paper describes an analysis scheme which was developed to probe the comprehension of computer programming languages by students learning to program. The scheme operates on free-form program summaries, i.e. textual descriptions of a program which are produced in response to minimal instructions by the researcher/experimenter. The scheme has been applied(More)