Paul Bresser

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BACKGROUND Delayed left ventricle (LV)-to-right ventricle (RV) peak shortening results in cardiac output reduction in patients with chronic thromboembolic hypertension (CTEPH) and other types of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Why the synchrony between LV and RV is lost is unknown. We hypothesized that RV electrophysiological remodeling, notably,(More)
RATIONALE Salmeterol is a beta2-adrenoreceptor agonist used in the treatment of obstructive pulmonary disease. Salmeterol inhibits inflammatory responses by neutrophils and mononuclear cells in vitro and in mouse models of lung inflammation in vivo. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of salmeterol on LPS-induced lung inflammation in humans. METHODS(More)
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor uPAR are components of the fibrinolytic system and are important for an adequate immune response to respiratory tract infection, in part through their role in the migration of inflammatory cells. PA inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is the predominant inhibitor of soluble and receptor-bound uPA. To determine the(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern-recognition receptors that have been implicated in the initiation of innate immune responses upon the first encounter with invading pathogens. The airways are frequently exposed to various types of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from the environment or from pathogens. The current study was designed to determine the effect of(More)
Pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) is recommended as the treatment of choice for eligible patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). However, only a proportion of patients fulfill the criteria for surgical intervention. In addition, operated patients with CTEPH may experience a gradual hemodynamic and symptomatic decline related to a(More)
BACKGROUND Interventricular mechanical dyssynchrony is a characteristic of pulmonary hypertension. We studied the role of right ventricular (RV) wall stress in the recovery of interventricular dyssynchrony, after pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). METHODS In 13 consecutive patients with CTEPH, before(More)
RATIONALE Clinical trial design in interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) has been hampered by lack of consensus on appropriate outcome measures for reliably assessing treatment response. In the setting of connective tissue diseases (CTDs), some measures of ILD disease activity and severity may be confounded by non-pulmonary comorbidities. METHODS The(More)
INTRODUCTION Cardiac surgery is associated with post-operative reductions of functional residual capacity (FRC). Manual hyperinflation (MH) aims to prevent airway plugging, and as such could prevent the reduction of FRC after surgery. The main purpose of this study was to determine the effect of MH on post-operative FRC of cardiac surgical patients. (More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is ubiquitous in the environment. Inhalation of LPS has been implicated in the pathogenesis and/or severity of several lung diseases, including pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. Alveolar macrophages are the main resident leukocytes exposed to inhaled antigens. To obtain insight into which innate immune(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis (TB) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Toll-like-receptors (TLRs) are important for the recognition of the causative agent Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Negative regulation of TLRs is necessary to control deleterious inflammatory damage, but could provide a means of immune evasion by M. tuberculosis as well.(More)