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Ankylosing spondylitis is a common form of inflammatory arthritis predominantly affecting the spine and pelvis that occurs in approximately 5 out of 1,000 adults of European descent. Here we report the identification of three variants in the RUNX3, LTBR-TNFRSF1A and IL12B regions convincingly associated with ankylosing spondylitis (P < 5 × 10(-8) in the(More)
We describe a 27-year-old women with systemic lupus erythematosus, C1q deficiency and cytomegalovirus retinitis. She suffered from severe SLE, with cutaneous and CNS involvement, and died of CNS disease aged 28. Review of 29 other published cases of C1q deficiency shows that SLE in these patients is often severe (five with CNS disease, ten with(More)
HLA-B27 has a striking association with inflammatory arthritis. We show that free HLA-B27 heavy chains can form a disulfide-bonded homodimer, dependent on residue Cys67 in their extracellular alpha 1 domain. Despite the absence of beta 2-microglobulin, HLA-B27 heavy chain homodimers (termed HC-B27) were stabilized by a known peptide epitope. HC-B27(More)
Ankylosing spondylitis is a common, highly heritable inflammatory arthritis affecting primarily the spine and pelvis. In addition to HLA-B*27 alleles, 12 loci have previously been identified that are associated with ankylosing spondylitis in populations of European ancestry, and 2 associated loci have been identified in Asians. In this study, we used the(More)
OBJECTIVE The spondylarthritides (SpA) are strongly associated with possession of HLA-B27. We hypothesized that the expression of abnormal forms of HLA-B27 in SpA may have a pathogenic role through interaction with cells bearing natural killer (NK) receptors, in particular, killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) KIR3DL2, a receptor for HLA-B27 homodimer(More)
Human NK cells are divided into CD56(bright)CD16(-) cells and CD56(dim)CD16(+) cells. We tested the hypothesis that CD56(bright) NK cells can differentiate into CD56(dim) cells by prospectively isolating and culturing each NK subset in vitro and in vivo. Our results show that CD56(bright) cells can differentiate into CD56(dim) both in vitro, in the presence(More)
CD8(+) T lymphocytes play a key role in host defense, in particular against important persistent viruses, although the critical functional properties of such cells in tissue are not fully defined. We have previously observed that CD8(+) T cells specific for tissue-localized viruses such as hepatitis C virus express high levels of the C-type lectin CD161. To(More)
OBJECTIVE To look for evidence of T lymphocyte expansions in the blood and synovial fluid (SF) of patients with reactive arthritis (ReA). METHODS Paired peripheral blood and synovial samples from 10 patients with ReA were studied by dual color flow cytometry using T cell receptor (TCR) V beta specific and CD4 or CD8 specific antibodies. Two synovial CD8(More)
The ability of human keratinocytes to present antigen to T cells is controversial and, indeed, it has been suggested that keratinocytes may promote T cell hyporesponsiveness. Furthermore, it is unclear whether keratinocytes can process antigen prior to MHC class I and class II presentation. We tested the ability of keratinocytes to induce functional(More)