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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are the main mediators of extracellular matrix degradation. This confers an important role to these enzymes in the invasion of the trophoblast cells where their expression are spatiotemporally regulated. The regulation of MMPs activity is complex and is established at different levels. Their expressions depend on various(More)
Improved embryo culture protocols now render more feasible the possibility of obtaining human blastocysts after in-vitro fertilization. In this study we present: (i) results of blastocyst development from supernumerary embryos after co-culture on green monkey kidney epithelial cells and (ii) pregnancy rates after transfer of frozen blastocysts. In addition,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether oral or vaginal administration of contraceptive hormones might affect antimüllerian hormone (AMH) levels. DESIGN Prospective trial with women recruited by advertisement. Women who wished contraception were randomized between oral or vaginal estroprogestative contraception, and those who did not choose contraception were(More)
Human cytotrophoblast cells are invasive by virtue of their ability to secrete metalloproteinases (MMP) capable of digesting the extracellular matrix of the endometrium. It is the aim of the present study to determine which of the known MMP is responsible for this invasive behavior and to see to what extent endometrial secretions can modulate this enzymatic(More)
The majority of menopausal women suffer from climacteric symptoms. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of acupuncture on the quality of life and reproductive hormones secretion in menopausal women. Eleven (11) menopausal women with climacteric symptoms entered this prospective study. The Menopause Specific Quality of life Questionnaire was(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the controversy about fluctuations of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels during the menstrual cycle results from differences between the immunoassays currently available: the Beckman Coulter Immunotech kit (Fullerton, CA) and the Diagnostic Systems Laboratories kit (Webster, TX). DESIGN Prospective trial. SETTING(More)
Leptin is a circulating hormone which plays an important role in the regulation of energy balance, haemopoiesis and reproduction. Leptin and its receptor (leptin-R) are localized in human placental tissue but their function is not known. In this study we have investigated the expression of leptin and leptin-R in the human placenta with particular attention(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF), interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1alpha), macrophage colony-stimulating factor (MCSF) and transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) on the secretion of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) and fetal fibronectin (fFN) by purified first trimester(More)
During a normal menstrual cycle, serum levels of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), estradiol, and progesterone can vary widely between cycles for the same woman, as well as between different woman. Reliable reference values based on the local population are important for correct interpretation of laboratory results. The purpose(More)
To investigate the role of leptin during pregnancy, we assessed leptin production by pure cultured human cytotrophoblastic cells (CTB), its regulation by cytokines and 17beta-oestradiol and its effects on human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) secretion. Purified CTB from first trimester placenta were incubated in duplicates in the presence or absence of(More)