Paul Bijkerk

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The viruses most commonly associated with food- and waterborne outbreaks of gastroenteritis are the noroviruses. The lack of a culture method for noroviruses warrants the use of cultivable model viruses to gain more insight on their transmission routes and inactivation methods. We studied the inactivation of the reported enteric canine calicivirus no. 48(More)
Noroviruses (previously Norwalk-like viruses) are the most common viral agents associated with food- and waterborne outbreaks of gastroenteritis. In the absence of culture methods for noroviruses, animal caliciviruses were used as model viruses to study inactivation by nonionizing (253.7-nm-wavelength [UV]) and ionizing (gamma) radiation. Here, we studied(More)
Poliovirus-specific immunoglobulin A (IgA) is detected after infection with wild-type virus or vaccination with live attenuated oral poliovirus (OPV) but not after vaccination with inactivated poliovirus (IPV). We examined whether the presence of IgA in serum can be used as a marker for poliovirus circulation in IPV-vaccinated populations in The(More)
Mandatory notification can be a useful tool to support infectious disease prevention and control. Guidelines are needed to help policymakers decide whether mandatory notification of an infectious disease is appropriate. We developed a decision aid, based on a range of criteria previously used in the Netherlands or in other regions to help decide whether to(More)
BACKGROUND Viral interaction in which outbreaks of influenza and other common respiratory viruses might affect each other has been postulated by several short studies. Regarding longer time periods, influenza epidemics occasionally occur very early in the season, as during the 2009 pandemic. Whether early occurrence of influenza epidemics impacts outbreaks(More)
Expectations are that 25% of the Dutch population will be aged 65 years or older in 2050 whilst in 2008 this proportion was only 15%. As a consequence the annual absolute number of new cases of specific infectious diseases will increase. Elderly people often have less clear symptoms of infection, making it harder for clinicians to recognize the disease.(More)
BACKGROUND Risk assessment and early warning (RAEW) are essential components of any infectious disease surveillance system. In light of the International Health Regulations (IHR)(2005), this study compares the organisation of RAEW in China and the Netherlands. The respective approaches towards surveillance of arboviral disease and unexplained pneumonia were(More)
The Dutch Public Health Act, which came into force on 1 December 2008, replaces the existing laws concerning the combating of infectious diseases. Important changes have been incorporated in the new Public Health Act in comparison with the previous law on infectious diseases. Diseases which are probably infectious in nature and caused by as yet unknown(More)
Background In 2012, the Netherlands experienced the most extensive food-related outbreak of Salmonella ever recorded. It was caused by smoked salmon contaminated with Salmonella Thompson during processing. In total, 1149 cases of salmonellosis were laboratory confirmed and reported to RIVM. Twenty percent of cases was hospitalised and four cases were(More)