Paul Ballard

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NK cells induce apoptosis in target cells via the perforin-mediated delivery of granzyme molecules. Cytotoxic human NK cells can be generated by IL-15-mediated differentiation of CD34(+) cells in vitro and these cultures have been used extensively to analyze the development of the NK cell surface phenotype. We have used NK cell differentiation in vitro(More)
The management of mid-urethral tape extrusion is inconsistent. We believe that we present here the first case series detailing the use of the Martius graft for trans-obturator tape (TOT) extrusion. Five women had a Martius graft for TOT extrusion. Data were obtained retrospectively from case notes and a review postoperatively to investigate the results in(More)
There is considerable variation worldwide on how the assessment of voiding function is performed following midurethral sling (MUS) surgery. There is potentially a financial cost, and reduction in efficiency when patient discharge is delayed. Using our current practice of two normal void and residual (V&R) readings before discharge, the aim of this(More)
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