Paul B. Pencharz

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BACKGROUND The understanding of bicarbonate kinetics and CO2 retention in the body is necessary to conduct amino acid tracer oxidation studies in both humans and laboratory animals. Significant metabolic activity is associated with eating which can affect bicarbonate steady state kinetics. A study was conducted to assess the impact of feeding regimen on the(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the phases of the menstrual cycle affect lysine requirement in healthy adult females, as determined by the indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) method. Five healthy females with regular menstrual cycles were studied at seven graded levels of lysine intake, in random order, with an oral [13C]phenylalanine(More)
Current AA recommendations for sows are to provide a fixed amount of AA intake throughout gestation based on the assumption that there is a constant demand for AA; however, the demand for nutrients changes from maternal lean tissue in early gestation to fetal and mammary growth in late gestation. The objective of this study was to determine the Thr(More)
This study assessed brain function in 20 adolescent females with anorexia nervosa (AN) and 20 controls using event-related potentials (ERPs) and a battery of neuropsychological tests. In the AN group, N4 latencies for a nonverbal memory task were significantly longer than for a verbal task, and P3 latencies for the verbal task were significantly longer(More)
BACKGROUND Liquid diets given enterally combined with "bowel rest' are efficacious in the treatment of active Crohn's disease, but rapid recrudescence of gastrointestinal symptoms after resumption of a normal diet is common. AIMS This study examined whether continuation of enteral nutrition as a nocturnal supplement to an ad libitum daytime intake of a(More)
M Ma ac cr ro on nu ut tr ri ie en nt ts s a an nd d H HI IV V/ /A AI ID DS S: : a a r re ev vi ie ew w o of f c cu ur rr re en nt t e ev vi id de en nc ce e This draft publication is a technical review commissioned by the World Health Organization for consideration by technical departments of WHO and at a "Consultation on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS in Africa:(More)
Dietary restriction of phenylalanine is the main treatment for phenylketonuria (PKU), and current estimates of requirements are based on plasma phenylalanine concentration and growth. The present study aimed to determine more precisely the phenylalanine requirements in patients with the disease by use of indicator amino acid oxidation, with L-[1-13C]lysine(More)
Protein recommendations for elderly, both men and women, are based on nitrogen balance studies. They are set at 0.66 and 0.8 g/kg/day as the estimated average requirement (EAR) and recommended dietary allowance (RDA), respectively, similar to young adults. This recommendation is based on single linear regression of available nitrogen balance data obtained(More)