Paul B. Pencharz

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Preterm and term transitional milks of human subjects and mature milks of human subjects, non-human primates and non-primates were analysed for free amino acids (AA) using precolumn phenylisothiocyanate derivatization and liquid chromatography. Differences in free AA between three types of human milk were small. Milks of pinnipeds (seals and sea lions)(More)
BACKGROUND The understanding of bicarbonate kinetics and CO2 retention in the body is necessary to conduct amino acid tracer oxidation studies in both humans and laboratory animals. Significant metabolic activity is associated with eating which can affect bicarbonate steady state kinetics. A study was conducted to assess the impact of feeding regimen on the(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the phases of the menstrual cycle affect lysine requirement in healthy adult females, as determined by the indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) method. Five healthy females with regular menstrual cycles were studied at seven graded levels of lysine intake, in random order, with an oral [13C]phenylalanine(More)
Current AA recommendations for sows are to provide a fixed amount of AA intake throughout gestation based on the assumption that there is a constant demand for AA; however, the demand for nutrients changes from maternal lean tissue in early gestation to fetal and mammary growth in late gestation. The objective of this study was to determine the Thr(More)
This study assessed brain function in 20 adolescent females with anorexia nervosa (AN) and 20 controls using event-related potentials (ERPs) and a battery of neuropsychological tests. In the AN group, N4 latencies for a nonverbal memory task were significantly longer than for a verbal task, and P3 latencies for the verbal task were significantly longer(More)
This study examined the quality of children's assent to a clinical trial. In subjects younger than 9 years of age, understanding of most aspects of the study was found to be poor to non-existent. Understanding of procedures was poor in almost all subjects. In addition, voluntariness may have been compromised in many subjects by their belief that failure to(More)
BACKGROUND Liquid diets given enterally combined with "bowel rest' are efficacious in the treatment of active Crohn's disease, but rapid recrudescence of gastrointestinal symptoms after resumption of a normal diet is common. AIMS This study examined whether continuation of enteral nutrition as a nocturnal supplement to an ad libitum daytime intake of a(More)
Arginine is conditionally indispensable in the neonate, and its synthesis in the intestine is not sufficient to meet requirements. It is not known how neonatal endogenous arginine synthesis is regulated and the degree to which proline and glutamate are used as precursors. Primed, constant intraportal and intragastric infusions of L-[U-14C]proline and(More)
M Ma ac cr ro on nu ut tr ri ie en nt ts s a an nd d H HI IV V/ /A AI ID DS S: : a a r re ev vi ie ew w o of f c cu ur rr re en nt t e ev vi id de en nc ce e This draft publication is a technical review commissioned by the World Health Organization for consideration by technical departments of WHO and at a "Consultation on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS in Africa:(More)