Paul B. Mann

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The persistence of Bordetella pertussis and B. parapertussis within vaccinated populations and the reemergence of associated disease highlight the need to better understand protective immunity. The present study examined host immunity to bordetellae and addressed potential concerns about the mouse model by using a comparative approach including the closely(More)
Bordetella pertussis, B. parapertussis, and B. bronchiseptica are closely related species associated with respiratory disease in humans and other mammals. While B. bronchiseptica has a wide host range, B. pertussis and B. parapertussis evolved separately from a B. bronchiseptica-like progenitor to naturally infect only humans. Despite very different(More)
Although the antibacterial effects of Abs are well studied in in vitro systems, the in vivo effects of Abs cannot always be accurately predicted. Complicated cross-talk between different effector functions of Abs and various arms of the immune system can affect their activities in vivo. Using the mouse respiratory pathogen Bordetella bronchiseptica, we(More)
While most vaccines consisting of killed bacteria induce high serum antibody titers, they do not always confer protection as effective as that induced by infection, particularly against mucosal pathogens. Bordetella bronchiseptica is a gram-negative respiratory pathogen that is endemic in many nonhuman mammalian populations and causes substantial disease in(More)
Bordetellae are important respiratory pathogens that cause pertussis (whooping cough) in humans and analogous diseases in domestic and wild animals. Immunity to Bordetella is poorly understood, in particular the early innate immune responses that contribute to inflammation, pathology, and the subsequent generation of adaptive immunity. Using B.(More)
BNF grammar notation came into existence about 1960 for the specification of programming languages. It was first used for the automatic generation of parsers about 1972. BNF was later replaced with EBNF offering regular expression notation in the right side of grammar rules. EBNF is powerful, however, it describes only the recognition phase, which is only(More)
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) mediates the response to lipopolysaccharide, and its activation induces the expression of a large number of inflammatory genes, many of which are also induced by other pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Interestingly, the subset of genes that are dependent on TLR4 for optimal expression during gram-negative bacterial(More)
The evolution of Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis from Bordetella bronchiseptica involved changes in host range and pathogenicity. Recent data suggest that the human-adapted Bordetella modified their interaction with host immune systems to effect these changes and that decreased stimulation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) by lipid A is(More)
U.S. casualties have developed multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacterial infections. A surveillance project to evaluate U.S. military patients for the presence of MDR pathogens from wounding through the first 30 days of care in the military healthcare system (MHS) was performed. U.S. military patients admitted to a single combat support hospital in Iraq during(More)
Bordetella pertussis causes whooping cough, an endemic respiratory disease that is increasing in prevalence despite vaccination efforts. Although host immunity is modulated by virulence factors of this pathogen, it is unclear what host factors are required to overcome their effects. Here, we investigate an apparent relationship between the effects of(More)