Paul B. Hays

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Observations of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere winds obtained by the High Resolution Doppler Imager (HRDI) on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) during 1991 to 1995 reveal a semiannual variation in the amplitude of the (1,1) diurnal tide. The global-scale wave model (GSWM) represents the first numerical modeling attempt at simulating this(More)
This study describes a technique and apparatus for converting the circular fringes of a Fabry-Perot interferometer into a linear pattern which can be detected with a conventional linear detector. The conversion from a circular ring pattern at the focus of the objective lens of the interferometer is accomplished using a segment of an internally reflecting(More)
A strong westward traveling oscillation, with a period of 2 days and zonal wave number 3, is observed in the mesospheric and lower thermospheric winds from the High Resolution Doppler Imager on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite. The important events happen in January, July, and September/October, of which the occurrence in January is the strongest(More)
On 24th November, 1982, The North-South (Bz) component of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) became positive for a period of about 11 hours reaching a relatively large and steady value of---25 nT. During this rare occurrence, the Dynamics Explorer-2 (DE-2) spacecraft was in a configuration that enabled the dynamics of both ionic and neutral species of(More)
A compact twelve-channel photon-counting device based on existing Generation II imaging technology has been developed for use as the image-plane detector of the Dynamics Explorer Fabry-Perot interferometer. The device has an S-20 photocathode, three-microchannel plate electron multiplication stages, and an equal-area concentric-ring segmented anode whose(More)
[1] The new Horizontal Wind Model (HWM07) provides a statistical representation of the horizontal wind fields of the Earth’s atmosphere from the ground to the exosphere (0–500 km). It represents over 50 years of satellite, rocket, and ground-based wind measurements via a compact Fortran 90 subroutine. The computer model is a function of geographic location,(More)
We have developed a Fabry-Perot interferometer and image-plane detector system to be used as a receiver for a Doppler lidar. This system incorporates the latest technology in multichannel detectors, and it is an important step toward the development of operational wind profiler systems for the atmosphere (troposphere, stratosphere, and lower mesosphere).(More)
The High Resolution Doppler Imager (HRDI) is a triple etalon Fabry-Perot interferometer designed to measure Doppler shifts of rotational lines in the O(2) atmospheric system from the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite. These shifts are used to determine wind vectors in the stratosphere and mesosphere. This paper presents the techniques used to determine(More)
The global distribution of tropospheric ozone (O(3)) can be observed from a satellite-based instrument by spectrally isolating the pressure-broadened wings of strong O(3) lines. The Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) provides high spectral resolution and high-throughput capabilities that are essential for performing such a measurement. Through proper(More)
A multiple scattering radiative transfer model has been developed to carry out a line by line calculation of the absorption and emission limb measurements that will be made by the High Resolution Doppler Imager to be flown on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite. The multiple scattering model uses the doubling and adding methods to solve the radiative(More)