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The communication of risk is a central activity in clinical genetics, with genetic health professionals encouraging the dissemination of relevant information by individuals to their at-risk family members. To understand the process by which communication occurs as well as its outcomes, a systematic review of actual communication in families about genetic(More)
Focally evoked calcium waves in astrocyte cultures have been thought to propagate by gap-junction-mediated intercellular passage of chemical signal(s). In contrast to this mechanism we observed isolated astrocytes, which had no physical contact with other astrocytes in the culture, participating in a calcium wave. This observation requires an extracellular(More)
Communication from astrocytes to neurons has recently been reported by two laboratories, but different mechanisms were though to underlie glial calcium wave activation of associated neurons. Neuronal calcium elevation by glia observed in the present report is similar to that reported previously, where an increase in neuronal calcium was demonstrated in(More)
The purpose of this study is to determine how acculturation, social support, family emotional involvement, perceived family criticism and stigma are associated with epilepsy self-efficacy and depression. A principal components analysis (PCA) was used to describe the salience of these characteristics within a sample of Hispanics with epilepsy. A total of 50(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper aims to locate the ethnographic tradition in a socio-historical context. METHOD In this paper we chart the history of the ethnographic tradition, explaining its roots and highlighting its value in enabling the ethnographic researcher to explore and make sense of the otherwise invisible aspects of cultural norms and practices. We(More)
Proteoglycans have been implicated in neuronal path-finding during development, yet related second messenger and signaling systems are unknown. We have used the calcium indicator fura-2/AM to monitor cytoplasmic calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]i) in chick dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neuronal growth cones elongating on laminin during contact with chondroitin(More)
Dysmorphology is the medical study of abnormal forms in the human and is concerned with the identification and classification of a variety of congenital malformations. Such diagnostic work rests on the inspection of images of affected individuals. Based on physical appearance individuals are classified in terms of a wide range of conditions, often with(More)
We explore the local negotiation of regulatory practice at the UK Stem Cell Bank, the first Bank of its type in the world. Basing our empirical work on a detailed analysis of one aspect of the Bank's regulatory commitment--the completion of the Cell Line Information form--we make visible the necessary judgements and labour involved in interpreting and(More)
The present study investigates how a neuron's past history of neural activity may alter its responsiveness to subsequent signals. We demonstrate that a depolarizing pulse of extracellular potassium can prime neurons to become responsive to basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), even when the pulse is brief and occurs prior to addition of bFGF. Specifically,(More)