Paul Antony Sundaram

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In an attempt to enhance the potential of gamma titanium aluminide intermetallic alloy as a biomaterial, its surface characteristics were successfully modified using a calcium and phosphorous rich electrolyte through the application of plasma electrolytic oxidation. Scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy were used to characterize the(More)
The adhesion and proliferation of human fetal osteoblasts, hFOB 1.19, on micro arc oxidized (MAO) gamma titanium aluminide (γTiAl) surfaces were examined in vitro. Cells were seeded on MAO treated γTiAl disks and incubated for 3 days at 33.5 °C and subsequently for 7 days at 39.5 °C. Samples were then analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and(More)
Ti-48Al-2Cr-2Nb (at.%) (gamma-TiAl), a gamma titanium aluminide alloy originally designed for aerospace applications, appears to have excellent potential as implant material. Thermal treatment of gamma-TiAl renders this alloy extremely corrosion resistant in vitro, which could improve its biocompatibility. In this study, the surface oxides produced by(More)
The corrosion behavior of Ti-48Al-2Cr-2Nb (at.%) in Ringer's solution was studied to evaluate its potential as a biocompatible material. Corrosion properties of Ti-6Al-4V were determined under the same conditions for comparison. Two electrochemical techniques, potentiodynamic anodic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, were employed to(More)
Ti-48Al-2Cr-2Nb (at. %) (gammaTiAl), a gamma titanium aluminide alloy originally designed for aerospace applications, appears to have excellent potential for bone repair and replacement. The biological response to gammaTiAl implant is expected to be similar to other titanium-based biomaterials. Human fetal osteoblast cells were cultured on the surface of(More)
Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was used to study the behavior of MC3T3-E1 cells cultured in an αMEM+FBS solution on two Ti-based alloys (Ti-6Al-4V and γTiAl) for 4, 7 and 14 days. EIS measurements were carried out at an open-circuit potential in a 1 mHz to 100 kHz frequency range. Results indicate a general increase in impedance on the Ti(More)
Introduction Generally a simple power law ~ = K E" (where K and n are empirical constants called the strength coefficient and the work hardening coefficient respectively) is used to describe plastic stress-strain dependence of deformable metals (1,2). This equation was employed by Low (3) to describe the uniaxial tensile behavior of an annealed 70/30 brass.(More)
A variety of metals have been used to replace the skeletal framework of human beings. Gamma titanium aluminide (gammaTiAl) has been recently developed as a prospective material for turbine applications. In this preliminary study, the potential of gammaTiAl as a biomaterial was evaluated using an in vivo rat model. Sprague-Dawley rats were implanted with(More)
Plasma electrolytic oxidized (PEO) γTiAl alloy samples were electrochemically characterized by open circuit potential (OCP), cyclic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) to evaluate their corrosion resistance in simulated body fluid (SBF) in order to gauge their potential for biomedical applications. Experimental results through OCP(More)
The wear properties of oxidized and non-oxidized gamma-TiAl (a potential biomaterial) as well as Ti-6Al-4V and CP-Ti disks were studied and characterized by means of standard wear tests using a custom made bone pin arrangement. The Ti-based disks were oxidized in air at 500 and 800 degrees C for one hour. The tribological properties of the oxides formed(More)