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BACKGROUND/AIMS The histological course of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains undescribed. Therefore, we examined the liver histology of NAFLD patients who had undergone sequential liver biopsies. METHODS Data on 103 patients who underwent serial liver biopsies in the absence of effective treatment were reviewed, and biopsies scored in a(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is present in up to one third of the general population and in the majority of patients with metabolic risk factors such as obesity and diabetes. Insulin resistance is a key pathogenic factor resulting in hepatic fat accumulation. Recent evidence demonstrates NAFLD in turn, exacerbates hepatic insulin resistance and(More)
The incidence and risk factors of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have never been prospectively determined. To determine the frequency and risk factors of NAFLD and chronological ordering between NAFLD, weight gain, and features of insulin resistance, a historical cohort study was conducted in a Japanese workplace. A cohort free of previous liver(More)
No effective medical therapy is available for all patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) has been suggested to be of benefit based on open label clinical studies. We randomized 166 patients with liver biopsy-proven NASH to receive between 13 and 15 mg/kg/d of UDCA or placebo for 2 years. End points included changes in(More)
UNLABELLED Patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and advanced liver fibrosis are at the highest risk for progressing to end-stage liver disease. We constructed and validated a scoring system consisting of routinely measured and readily available clinical and laboratory data to separate NAFLD patients with and without advanced fibrosis. A(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) remains poorly understood. Although apoptosis is a common mechanism of liver injury, the extent and clinical significance of apoptosis in NASH has not been examined. Thus, the aims of this study were to quantify hepatocyte apoptosis in NASH, correlate it with disease severity, and(More)
OBJECTIVES The long-term prognosis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children remains uncertain. We aimed at determining the long-term outcomes and survival of children with NAFLD. DESIGN Retrospective longitudinal hospital-based cohort study. PATIENTS Sixty-six children with NAFLD (mean age 13.9 (SD 3.9) years) were followed up for up to(More)
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a dreaded complication of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC); however, marked variability in the incidence of CCA in PSC is reported. Furthermore, limited information exists on risk factors for the development of CCA in PSC. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of CCA in patients with PSC and to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Osteopenia is a common complication in some chronic cholestatic liver diseases. Our aims were to determine the prevalence and severity of bone disease in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis; and identify risk factors to predict the presence and progression of osteopenia. METHODS Eighty-one patients involved in a randomized trial(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Histologic analysis of liver biopsy specimens allows for grading and staging of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We performed a longitudinal study to investigate the long-term prognostic relevance of histologic features for patients with NAFLD. METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of 619 patients diagnosed with NAFLD(More)