Paul A. Zuckerman

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BACKGROUND The prevalence of obesity is higher in black than in white women. Differences in energy economy and physical activity may contribute to this difference. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare free-living energy expenditure and physical activity in black and white women before and after weight loss. DESIGN Participants were 18(More)
BACKGROUND Although physical inactivity is believed to contribute to the rising prevalence of obesity, the role and magnitude of its contribution to weight gain are unknown. OBJECTIVE We compared total free-living activity energy expenditure (AEE) and physical activity level in women successful and unsuccessful at maintaining a normal body weight. (More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of high-resistance (HR) training, 3 times.wk(-1) at 80% maximum strength (1RM) with 3 times.wk(-1) variable-resistance (VR) training (once-weekly training at 80%, 65%, and 50% 1RM) in older adults. METHODS The study was a 6-month resistance training intervention conducted in the Birmingham(More)
BACKGROUND Aerobic fitness, or maximal oxygen uptake (f1.gif" BORDER="0">O(2)max), and energy expenditure (EE) may be lower in African Americans than in whites. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare sleeping EE (SEE), resting EE (REE), free-living total EE (TEE), and f1.gif" BORDER="0">O(2)max in African American and white women after(More)
PURPOSE Little is known concerning the effects of resistance-exercise training (RT) on older adult's intra-abdominal adipose tissue (IAAT). The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of RT on fat distribution in 12 women and 14 men, aged 61-77 yr. METHODS Computed tomography IAAT and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT),(More)
BACKGROUND Black women are at greater risk of obesity than are white women, perhaps because of their lower levels of physical activity. OBJECTIVE We compared free-living activity energy expenditure (AEE) in sedentary white and black women (in overweight and normal-weight states) and in never-overweight control subjects. DESIGN Subjects included 46 women(More)
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to determine if racial differences in maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and difficulty in doing submaximum (sub) exercise tasks contribute to activity-related energy expenditure (AEE) and activity-related time equivalent (ARTE) index, an index of time spent in physical activity.METHODS: Subjects were 35 Black and 39 White(More)
BACKGROUND Intraabdominal adipose tissue (IAAT) is the body fat depot most strongly related to disease risk. Weight reduction is advocated for overweight people to reduce total body fat and IAAT, although little is known about the effect of weight loss on abdominal fat distribution in different races. OBJECTIVE We compared the effects of diet-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the effect of weight change on regional lean body mass (LBM) distribution or on racial differences in resting metabolic rate (RMR). OBJECTIVE The study compared total and regional LBM patterns in white and black women after weight loss and regain and assessed the influence of regional LBM on variances in RMR. DESIGN(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine what effect diet-induced approximately 12 kg weight loss in combination with exercise training has on body composition and resting energy expenditure (REE) in premenopausal African-American (AA) and European-American (EA) women. METHODS AND PROCEDURES This study was a longitudinal, randomized weight loss clinical intervention, with(More)