Paul A. Vohringer

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The widespread use of antidepressants has rarely been critiqued from a public health perspective. It is as although the medical profession has felt that depression in the community at large could be resolved by the widespread diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD) in people with depressive symptoms and subsequent prescription of antidepressant(More)
BACKGROUND Athanasios Koukopoulos provided a radical model for understanding depressive and manic conditions. OBJECTIVE To review, explain, and analyze Koukopoulos' concept of the primacy of mania, with special attention to the role of antidepressants. METHOD A conceptual review of Koukopoulos' writings and lectures on this topic is given. RESULTS(More)
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