Paul A. Rejto

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Gastric cancer is a heterogeneous disease with multiple environmental etiologies and alternative pathways of carcinogenesis. Beyond mutations in TP53, alterations in other genes or pathways account for only small subsets of the disease. We performed exome sequencing of 22 gastric cancer samples and identified previously unreported mutated genes and pathway(More)
Gastric cancer is a heterogeneous disease with diverse molecular and histological subtypes. We performed whole-genome sequencing in 100 tumor-normal pairs, along with DNA copy number, gene expression and methylation profiling, for integrative genomic analysis. We found subtype-specific genetic and epigenetic perturbations and unique mutational signatures.(More)
BACKGROUND An important prerequisite for computational structure-based drug design is prediction of the structures of ligand-protein complexes that have not yet been experimentally determined by X-ray crystallography or NMR. For this task, docking of rigid ligands is inadequate because it assumes knowledge of the conformation of the bound ligand. Docking of(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most deadly cancers worldwide and has no effective treatment, yet the molecular basis of hepatocarcinogenesis remains largely unknown. Here we report findings from a whole-genome sequencing (WGS) study of 88 matched HCC tumor/normal pairs, 81 of which are Hepatitis B virus (HBV) positive, seeking to identify(More)
Common failures in predicting crystal structures of ligand-protein complexes are investigated for three ligand-protein systems by a combined thermodynamic and kinetic analysis of the binding energy landscapes. Misdocked predictions in ligand-protein docking are classified as 'soft' and 'hard' failures. While a soft failure arises when the search algorithm(More)
Human cancer is caused by the accumulation of tumor-specific mutations in oncogenes and tumor suppressors that confer a selective growth advantage to cells. As a consequence of genomic instability and high levels of proliferation, many passenger mutations that do not contribute to the cancer phenotype arise alongside mutations that drive oncogenesis. While(More)
CONTEXT The pathophysiological importance of glucocorticoids (GCs) is exemplified by patients with Cushing's syndrome who develop hypertension, obesity, and insulin resistance. At a cellular level, availability of GCs to the glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptors is controlled by the isoforms of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD). In(More)
Glucocorticoid excess increases fat mass, preferentially within omental depots; yet circulating cortisol concentrations are normal in most patients with metabolic syndrome (MS). At a pre-receptor level, 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) activates cortisol from cortisone locally within adipose tissue, and inhibition of 11beta-HSD1 in(More)
Glucocorticoids, through activation of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), regulate hepatic gluconeogenesis. Elevated hepatic expression and activity of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11betaHSD1) play a key role in ligand-induced activation of the GR through the production of cortisol. Evidence from genetically modified mice suggests that(More)