Paul A. Price

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PURPOSE To evaluate serum levels of HER2 (an epithelial growth factor) and YKL-40 (a growth factor participating in inflammation and remodeling of the extracellular matrix) in relation to outcome in patients with their first diagnosis of recurrent breast cancer. DESIGN Serum HER2 and YKL-40 levels were measured in 100 patients referred with their first(More)
gamma-Carboxyglutamic acid-containing protein of bone (BGP) is an abundant noncollagenous protein of mammalian bone. BGP has a molecular weight of 5,800 and contains three residues of the vitamin K-dependent amino acid, gamma-carboxyglutamic acid. We have applied a radioimmunoassay based on calf BGP for the measurement of the protein in the plasma of 109(More)
We describe the isolation of a novel protein from the conditioned medium of human articular cartilage chondrocytes in primary culture. This 39-kDa protein has the N-terminal sequence YKL, which we have termed YKL-39. The 1434-nucleotide sequence of the YKL-39 cDNA predicts a 385-residue initial translation product and a 364-residue mature YKL-39. The amino(More)
The vitamin K-dependent protein of bone has been detected in human plasma by radioimmunoassay at 4.5 ng per ml. The plasma protein has the same apparent molecular weight as the pure bone Gla protein (BGP) and other studies indicate the plasma protein is probably the intact bone protein. BGP also has been detected in bovine serum by radioimmunoassay. The(More)
YKL-40, a member of the "mammalian chitinase-like proteins," is expressed and secreted by several types of solid tumors. The exact function of YKL-40 in cancer diseases is unknown and is an important objective of future studies. YKL-40 exhibits growth factor activity for cells involved in tissue remodeling processes. YKL-40 may have a role in cancer cell(More)
OBJECTIVE The presence of YKL-40 (human cartilage glycoprotein 39) in synovium, cartilage and synovial fluid (SF) from knee joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis (OA) were related to histopathological changes in synovium and cartilage and to serum YKL-40 and other biochemical markers. METHODS The localization of YKL-40 in(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS YKL-40, a mammalian member of the chitinase family, is a lectin that binds heparin and chitin. The function of YKL-40 is unknown, but it may function in tissue remodelling. The aims of this study were to assess the level of circulating YKL-40 in patients with various kinds and degree of chronic liver disease and its possible relation to(More)
Primary pneumonic plague is transmitted easily, progresses rapidly, and causes high mortality, but the mechanisms by which Yersinia pestis overwhelms the lungs are largely unknown. We show that the plasminogen activator Pla is essential for Y. pestis to cause primary pneumonic plague but is less important for dissemination during pneumonic plague than(More)
The sizes, shapes, and organizational states of the crystals in bone are studied by systematic disaggregation of the mineral phase. This is achieved by oxidizing the organic phase with sodium hypochlorite, dispersing the resultant particles by sonication, and separating the crystal aggregates from the crystal monomers by gravity setting in ethanol. Six(More)