Paul A. Pelckmans

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OBJECTIVE:Infliximab is an effective treatment for refractory or fistulizing Crohn's disease (CD). However, about 30% of patients do not respond to infliximab for unknown reasons. Identifying predictive factors of response is important for optimizing clinical management and for better understanding infliximab's mechanisms of action. The aim of this study(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Crohn's disease, characterised by chronic T helper 1 (Th1) inflammation and dysmotility of the gut, is most prevalent in developed countries. Parasitic infections are most prevalent in developing countries and induce a T helper 2 (Th2) immune response. We hypothesised that this Th2 immune response protects against Th1 gut inflammation.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS NOD2/CARD15 was recently identified as the first gene underlying Crohn's disease (CD) susceptibility. Monoclonal antibodies to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha (infliximab) are a potent treatment for CD, with about 70% of patients responding. It is not clear which factors influence treatment outcome. We assessed whether variants in(More)
BACKGROUND Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a frequently occurring disease that may be considered a public health issue, particularly in developed countries. The specificity of heartburn for the diagnosis of GORD is good. Our aim was to define the prevalence of heartburn in Belgium, characterizing both its impact on everyday life and the ensuing(More)
Inhibitory non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) nerves are thought to be important in the autonomic innervation of the gastrointestinal tract and other organ systems. The nature of their neurotransmitter is still debated. Speculation that nitric oxide (NO), formed from L-arginine in neuronal structures and other cells, could act as a neurotransmitter, is(More)
BACKGROUND Two-thirds to three-fourths of patients with either refractory luminal or fistulizing Crohn disease respond to infliximab treatment. The ability or inability to respond seems to persist over time. Biological characteristics and/or genetic background can influence the response to treatment. The aim was to assess the value of C-reactive protein and(More)
We investigated the role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of septic ileus. Sepsis was induced by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of lipopolysaccharides (LPS, 20 mg kg(-1)) in mice. The effect of two i.p. injections of superoxide dismutase [polyethylene glycol (PEG)-SOD, 4000 U kg(-1)] and catalase (PEG-CAT, 15,000 U kg(-1)) was investigated on(More)
The effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), the 5-HT1-like receptor agonist 5-carboxamidotryptamine and the 5-HT3 receptor agonist 2-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine were studied on circular muscle strips of the canine terminal ileum and ileocolonic junction. Serial administration of 5-HT or of 5-carboxamidotryptamine induced slow tonic contractions that at higher(More)
BACKGROUND Roux-en-Y reconstruction excludes the afferent limb and the biliopancreatic system from conventional endoscopic access. Postoperative problems in these excluded gastrointestinal systems are therefore often dealt with surgically. We investigated the usefulness of the therapeutic double-balloon enteroscope to perform interventional endoscopic(More)
Both dyspeptic and gastro-oesophageal reflux-like symptoms are frequent in the general population, but their degree of overlap is unknown. In severe functional dyspepsia (FD), symptoms are organized in factors associated with pathophysiological mechanisms. The aims of this study were: (i) to assess the prevalence of dyspeptic symptoms with and without(More)