Paul A. Lane

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Two novel dioxolane-substituted pentacene derivatives, namely, 6,14-bis-(triisopropylsilylethynyl)-1,3,9,11-tetraoxa-dicyclopenta[b,m]pentacene (TP-5) and 2,2,10,10-tetraethyl-6,14-bis-(triisopropylsilylethynyl)-1,3,9,11-tetraoxa-dicyclopenta[b,m]pentacene (EtTP-5), have been synthesized and spectroscopically characterized. Here, we examine the steady-state(More)
Photocurrent in an organic solar cell is generated by a charge transfer reaction between electron donors and acceptors. Charge transfer is expected to proceed from thermalized states, but this picture has been challenged by recent studies that have investigated the role of hot excitons. Here we show a direct link between excess excitation energy and(More)
We elucidate photoexcitation dynamics in C(60) and zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) from picoseconds to milliseconds by transient absorption and time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy. Autoionization of C(60) is a precursor to photocarrier generation. Decay of the terahertz signal is due to decreasing photocarrier mobility over the first 20 ps and thereafter(More)
The design, fabrication, and properties of one of a new class of gradient-index lenses are reported. The lens is an f/2.25 GRIN singlet based on a nanolayered polymer composite material, designed to correct for spherical aberration. The light gathering and focusing properties of the polymer lens are compared to a homogeneous BK7 glass singlet with a similar(More)
ion and the Formulation of Rules As we have just seen, the hypothesis that responses can be conditioned only to ele14 Dattman and Israel ( have proposed a principle to account for Heidbreder's results that is very similar to the notion that the cue corresponding to each possible classification has a certain weight (or "salience"). According to them:(More)
We examine the steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence of guest-host films featuring a dioxolane-substituted pentacene derivative (2,2,10,10-tetraethyl-6,14-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl)-1,3,9,11-tetraoxadicyclopenta[b,m]pentacene, EtTP-5) dispersed in the hole transporting material (4,4-bis[N-1-naphthyl-N-phenylamino]biphenyl, alpha-NPD). The(More)
The origin of electrophosphorescence from a doped polymer light emitting diode ~LED! has been investigated. A luminescent polymer host, poly~9,9-dioctylfluorene! ~PFO!, was doped with a red phosphorescent dye, 2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-octaethyl-21H,23H-porphyrin platinum~II! ~PtOEP!. The maximum external quantum efficiency of 3.5% was obtained at a concentration(More)
Non-contact, optical time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy (TRTS) has been used to study the transient photoconductivity of nanometer-scale metallic films deposited on fused quartz substrates. Samples of 8 nm thick gold or titanium show an instrument-limited (ca. 0.5 ps) decrease in conductivity following photoexcitation due to electron-phonon coupling and(More)
Time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy (TRTS) was used to explore charge generation, transfer, and the role of hot carriers in organic solar cell materials. Two model molecular photovoltaic systems were investigated: with zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) or alpha-sexathiophene (α-6T) as the electron donors and buckminsterfullerene (C60) as the electron acceptor.(More)
Following an approach developed in our group to incorporate tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) units into conjugated polymeric systems, we have studied a low band gap polymer incorporating TTF as a donor component. This polymer is based on a fused thieno-TTF unit that enables the direct incorporation of the TTF unit into the polymer, and a second comonomer based on(More)