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Evidence for the superiority of guided instruction is explained in the context of our knowledge of human cognitive architecture, expert–novice differences, and cognitive load. Although un-guided or minimally guided instructional approaches are very popular and intuitively appealing , the point is made that these approaches ignore both the structures that(More)
There is much talk of a change in modern youth – often referred to as digital natives or Homo Zappiens – with respect to their ability to simultaneously process multiple channels of information. In other words, kids today can multitask. Unfortunately for proponents of this position, there is much empirical documentation concerning the negative effects of(More)
Personal use of this manuscript is permitted. Permission from Springer Verlag must be obtained for any other commercial purpose. This article may not exactly replicate the published version, due to editorial changes and/or formatting and corrections during the final stage of publication. Interested readers are advised to consult the published version which(More)
Cognitive load theory (CLT) can provide guidelines to assist in the presentation of information in a manner that encourages learner activities that optimise intellectual performance. It is based on a cognitive architecture that consists of a limited working memory, with partly independent processing units for visual and audio information, which interacts(More)
There is much positive research on computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) environments in asynchronous distributed learning groups (DLGs). There is also research that shows that contemporary CSCL environments do not completely fulfil expectations on supporting interactive group learning, shared understanding, social construction of knowledge, and(More)
As society becomes more complex, complexity becomes part of our education. Education nowadays witnesses complex problem solving tasks and multidisciplinary teamwork. Although multidisciplinarity is a prerequisite for the knowledge construction imposed by these tasks, it is in no way a guarantee. Multidisciplinary teams need common ground to enable the(More)
Symposium CSCL, three worlds compared: Computer supported collaborative learning in distance and face-to-face education All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form, by print, photocopy, microfilm or any other means without the written permission of the author.You afford my life With few exceptions the solitary animal is, in any(More)