Paul A Gunning

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The purpose of this study was to produce a well-characterised electrospun polystyrene scaffold which could be used routinely for three-dimensional (3D) cell culture experimentation. A linear relationship (p<0.01) between three principal process variables (applied voltage, working distance and polymer concentration) and fibre diameter was reliably(More)
The displacement of the proteins (beta-lactoglobulin and beta-casein) from an air-water interface by the nonionic (Tween 20 and Tween 60) and ionic (sodium dodecyl sulfate, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, and lyso-phosphatidylcholine-lauroyl) surfactants has been visualized by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The surface structure has been sampled by the use(More)
Although the route of sensitization to food allergens is still the subject of debate, it is generally accepted the gut immune system plays a pivotal role. However, hitherto the transport of allergens across the normal, pre-sensitized gut epithelium remained largely unknown. Our aim was to identify the route through which protein bodies and soluble proteins(More)
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been used to investigate the displacement of a commercial whey protein system and the behavior as compared to that of beta-lactoglobulin (Mackie, A. R.; Gunning, A. P.; Wilde, P. J.; Morris, V. J. Orogenic displacement of protein from the air-water interface by competitive adsorption. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 1999, 210,(More)
The effects of water content and temperature variation on the release of flavor components into the headspace over flavors, encapsulated by an extrusion process, in low water content carbohydrate matrixes is studied. The largest amounts of release occurred when the matrix was above its glass transition temperature, whether this was due to increased water(More)
Poly(d,l)-lactide (PDLLA) homopolymer, with an average molecular weight of 20,000 daltons, was produced by the ring-opening polymerization of d,l-lactide in the presence of SnCl(2).2H(2)O as the catalyst. The PDLLA sponges loaded with chloramphenicol were prepared by a solvent evaporation technique. The drug loadings achieved were 14.84 and 25.23 mg for the(More)
We have studied the structure of films made by low density lipoproteins (LDL) from hen egg yolk, which are composed of apoproteins, neutral lipids and phospholipids. These LDL have been deposited on air-water interface to form a monolayer which has been compressed to measure an isotherm using Langmuir balance. This isotherm presented three transitions(More)
Low density lipoproteins (LDL) from egg yolk have a classical structure of lipoprotein with a core of neutral lipids surrounded by a monolayer of apoproteins and phospholipids. This structure collapses during adsorption and all constituents spread at the interface. To understand better the nature of the interactions between apoproteins and lipids at the(More)
Oligogalacturonates were produced by the limited enzymic hydrolysis of polygalacturonic acid and purified by ion-exchange chromatography. The fractions obtained were of limited polydispersity, determined by analytical ion-exchange chromatography. Oligomers with an average degree of polymerization of 10-15 were readily crystallized from aqueous salt(More)
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