Paul A. Green

Learn More
Mantis shrimp strike with extreme impact forces that are deadly to prey. They also strike conspecifics during territorial contests, yet theoretical and empirical findings in aggressive behaviour research suggest competitors should resolve conflicts using signals before escalating to dangerous combat. We tested how Neogonodactylus bredini uses two ritualized(More)
Perceptual mapping is widely used in marketing to analyze market structure, design new products, end develop advertising strategies. This article presents theoretical arguments and empirical evidence which suggest that factor analysis is superior to discriminant analysis and similarity scaling with respect to predictive ability, managerial interpretability,(More)
Text is often viewed not perpendicularly to its display. With nine assumptions, this study developed a new equation for estimating the legibility of a single letter E viewed at different display angles. This equation examines viewing distance, text height, strokewidth, Snellen acuity, background luminance, luminance contrast, and incident angle. This(More)
To determine how distracted and normal driving differ, this report reexamines driving performance data from the advanced collision avoidance system (ACAS) field operational test (FOT), a naturalistic driving study (96 drivers, 136,792 miles). In terms of overall driving performance statistics, distraction (defined as 4 successive video frames where the(More)
Historically, driving performance measures have been undefined or vaguely defined, and if defined, inconsistently used. Consequently, driving studies are difficult to compare and challenging to replicate, undermining the professional credibility of researchers and the field of automotive human factors. This study developed names and definitions for 12(More)
Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing this collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of(More)
This paper reviews the history of automotive technology development and human factors research, largely by decade, since the inception of the automobile. The human factors aspects were classified into primary driving task aspects (controls, displays, and visibility), driver workspace (seating and packaging, vibration, comfort, and climate), driver's(More)
Keywords: Adaptive cruise control (ACC) Time-gap settings Safety Bus a b s t r a c t A study was conducted to investigate the effects of time-gap settings and contents of secondary tasks on a fix-based bus driving simulator on drivers' performance while reclaiming control from ACC in a car-following scenario of emergency brake by the lead vehicle. Thirty(More)
16. Abstract This report describes further analysis of data from the advanced collision avoidance system (ACAS) field operational test, a naturalistic driving study. To determine how distracted and nondistracted driving differ, a stratified sample of 2,914 video clips of the drivers' faces and forward scene was coded to identify (1) where the driver was(More)
Subjects rated the workload of clips of forward road scenes (from the advanced collision avoidance system (ACAS) field operational test) in relation to 2 anchor clips of Level of Service (LOS) A and E (light and heavy traffic), and indicated if they would perform any of 3 tasks (dial a phone, manually tune a radio, enter a destination) in driving the scenes(More)