Paul A. Green

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Perceptual mapping is widely used in marketing to analyze market structure, design new products, end develop advertising strategies. This article presents theoretical arguments and empirical evidence which suggest that factor analysis is superior to discriminant analysis and similarity scaling with respect to predictive ability, managerial interpretability,(More)
This paper reviews the history of automotive technology development and human factors research, largely by decade, since the inception of the automobile. The human factors aspects were classified into primary driving task aspects (controls, displays, and visibility), driver workspace (seating and packaging, vibration, comfort, and climate), driver's(More)
Historically, driving performance measures have been undefined or vaguely defined, and if defined, inconsistently used. Consequently, driving studies are difficult to compare and challenging to replicate, undermining the professional credibility of researchers and the field of automotive human factors. This study developed names and definitions for 12(More)
To determine how distracted and normal driving differ, this report reexamines driving performance data from the advanced collision avoidance system (ACAS) field operational test (FOT), a naturalistic driving study (96 drivers, 136,792 miles). In terms of overall driving performance statistics, distraction (defined as 4 successive video frames where the(More)
Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing this collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of(More)
Subjects rated the workload of clips of forward road scenes (from the advanced collision avoidance system (ACAS) field operational test) in relation to 2 anchor clips of Level of Service (LOS) A and E (light and heavy traffic), and indicated if they would perform any of 3 tasks (dial a phone, manually tune a radio, enter a destination) in driving the scenes(More)
16. Abstract This report describes further analysis of data from the advanced collision avoidance system (ACAS) field operational test, a naturalistic driving study. To determine how distracted and nondistracted driving differ, a stratified sample of 2,914 video clips of the drivers' faces and forward scene was coded to identify (1) where the driver was(More)
This study examined how child restraint system (CRS) features contribute to CRS installation errors. Sixteen convertible CRS, selected to include a wide range of features, were used in volunteer testing with 32 subjects. Subjects were recruited based on their education level (high or low) and experience with installing CRS (none or experienced). Each(More)
Subscriber Category IVB safety and human performance Transportation Research Board publications are available by ordering individual publications directly from the TRB Business Office, through the Internet at national academies .org/trb, or by annual subscription through organizational or individual affiliation with TRB. Affiliates and library subscribers(More)